https://www.duolingo.com/CommeuneTexane

TNs, U43: Irregular Plurals (Plurals ending in -x)

Plural Nouns and Adjectives

Most French nouns and adjectives can be pluralized by adding an ending -s, like in English.

  • un hôteldes hôtels (hotels)
  • un jardindes jardins (gardens)

The plural forms for most words ending in -ail are regular and made with an -s at the end.

  • un détaildes détails (details)
  • un épouvantaildes épouvantails (scarecrows)

EXCEPTIONS
There are seven exceptions: un bail/des baux (leases), un corail/des coraux (coral(s)), un émail/des émaux (emails), un soupirail/des soupiraux (ventilators), un travail/des travaux (a job/works), un ventail/des ventaux (leaves or casements), un vitrail/des vitraux (stained glass(es)).

Words that do not end with an -s in the plural form typically end in -x. For instance, most words ending in -al change to -aux.

  • un animaldes animaux (animals)
  • un journaldes journaux (newspapers)

EXCEPTIONS
These words ending in -al are exceptions: un bal/des bals (balls/formal dances), un festival/des festivals (festivals), un carnaval/des carnavals (carnivals), un cal/des cals (calluses), un régal/des régals (treats or delights), un chacal/des chacals (jackals).

Add -x to the end of most nouns that end in -au, -eau, and -eu to pluralize them.

  • un tuyaudes tuyaux (pipes)
  • mon chapeaumes chapeaux (my hats)
  • le feules feux (the fires)

Seven masculine nouns ending in -ou also add an -x in the plural.

  • bijou/bijoux (jewels), caillou/cailloux (pebbles), chou/choux (cabbages), genou/genoux (knees), hibou/hiboux (owls), joujou/joujoux (toys), pou/poux (lice).

The plural forms of -au, -eau, -eu, and -ou words are homophones of their singular forms. In general, the best way to tell if a noun is plural is to listen carefully to its article. If you hear les or des, it's plural. Otherwise, it's probably singular.

Masculine & Feminine Adjectives

Similarly, masculine singular adjectives ending in -al take on -aux endings in the plural. However, feminine singular adjectives ending in -ale simply add an ending -s.

  • généralgénéraux (general)
  • généralegénérales (general)
  • idéalidéaux (ideal)
  • idéaleidéales (ideal)

Important: If you find any errors in the Tips and Notes, have questions related to the grammar points above, or would like to discuss the topic in depth, please feel free to comment below. We ask that you keep your comments on topic so that this post stays educational and everyone can benefit from them. Any spam or unrelated comments will be deleted.

For more Tips and Notes, click HERE

1 month ago

0 Comments

Learn French in just 5 minutes a day. For free.