TNs, U44: People(Nationality Nouns & Adjectives)

French nouns for persons of a certain nationality (demonyms) are capitalized, but in French, national adjectives and language names are not capitalized. By default, the demonyms une Francaise/des Françaises are “a Frenchwoman/French women” and un Japonais/des Japonais are “ a Japanese man/Japanese men or Japanese people. Only when the person is not a man or woman, is it necessary to use an adjective and a noun. These rules apply to all nationalities.

  • C'est un Chinois. — He's a Chinese man.
  • Ces Espagnols sont sympas. — These Spaniards are nice.
  • C'est une voiture anglaise. — It's an English car.
  • Ce sont des Allemandes. — They are German women.
  • Elles parlent français. — They speak French.
  • J’ai rencontré une petite fille américaine. — I met an American little girl.

Important: If you find any errors in the Tips and Notes, have questions related to the grammar points above, or would like to discuss the topic in depth, please feel free to comment below. We ask that you keep your comments on topic so that this post stays educational and everyone can benefit from them. Any spam or unrelated comments will be deleted.

For more Tips and Notes, click HERE

1 month ago


Learn French in just 5 minutes a day. For free.