"Sang raja memanggil si penari."

Translation:The king summons the dancer.

December 29, 2018

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What is the difference between Sang and Si in a sentence?


Sang is much more formal. In this case, the raja is explicitly more important than the dancer.


Can it be Si Raja in other circumstances?


Someone on the reverse tree (English for Indonesian speakers) perfectly explained the meaning of "sang". Let me quote from there.

"Usually, we often used 'sang' in some of the story telling such as The King (Sang Raja), The Prince (Sang Pangeran)..and also often to be used for the sacred things or to make things be more sacred such as The Sun (Sang Surya), The Wind, The Husband..and many more.."


Unlike "sang", "si" doesn't have such a respectful/fearful nuance. One of my favorite Indonesian fables is "Si Panekuk Besar" (The Big Pancake). You can find "si" frequently in the video clip -- "si panekuk besar", "si wanita tua" (the mother), "si anak laki-laki sulung" (the eldest child), "si kucing" (the cat).

Video with English subtitle: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Bh84BcbGCH8

Indonesian transcript (below the embedded video clip): https://japanesia.net/20617.html


Sang singa, sang penyihir dan lemari.

The lion, the witch and the wardrobe (chest)


When are these articles used, as opposed to omitting them?


Sang is an extremely formal article, almost poetic. I wouldn't use it even for the president, in a daily convo.

Si is a colloquial article. I might still use it in written texts like this one, as an idiom in formal conversations (api/fire is si jago merah (the red expert)), or as a completely daily convo (si bos memang orangnya kaya gitu)

In a normal-formal convo, I'd use raja (itu) memanggil penari itu


I tried using "The king summons the dancers" and it was marked incorrect, is "si" only for the singular?


Yes, "si" is only used in singular.


The pronunciation is supposed to be "sang" not "sɛng"


I don't think the queen will be happy about this...


@Gabb318_PHL I am reminded of "ang" and "si" in Filipino


Why not "the king calls his dancer"?


There is no possessive pronoun here.

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