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https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Nivazhno

Использую and Пользую

Hey could someone please the difference between:

Использую

Используюсь

Пользую

Пользуюсь

In order to master these words I need to know the full function behind them, so I can use them comfortably in a sentence.

Спасибо большое)

December 30, 2018

11 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/masongf

They are different shades of "to use." From my research, it seems to go like this:

Пользоваться/Использовать (imperfective): To use continuously. (Note the grammar difference. Ending "ся" takes instrumental, "ть" takes accusative. They both mean the same thing though. )

воспользоваться (perfective): To use one time (Note again: takes instrumental.)

попользоваться: Colloquial of воспользоваться

использоваться: Passive: to be used

пользовать: It used to mean "to treat," like a doctor treating a patient, but nowadays it's outdated and archaic. Don't use this verb.

Maybe a Russian speaker can confirm this. For the likes of Пользоваться vs Использовать it seems sometimes even Russians can't agree other than to say depending on the context one "feels" more right than the other, but there's no set rule. Использовать can act as both a perfective or imperfective verb. If you're a 2nd language learner you'll be understood.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/zirkul
Mod
  • 1826

попользоваться: Colloquial of воспользоваться

Not quite. "Попользоваться" is indeed more colloquial but is has a distinct flavour of using something (e.g. a tool) and putting it back or returning it to its owner afterwards. "Воспользоваться" is much broader: Oн воспользовался своим положением = He (has) used his position (of power/influence). You cannot possibly replace it by "попользовался" in this example.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/masongf

Thanks, thumbs up.

But could I say something like, "Я попользовался и выбросил,"?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/zirkul
Mod
  • 1826

Yes, you can. Hence my "putting it back or returning it" comment is not entirely correct either.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Nivazhno

Спасибо большое)!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/OlgaBab1

Пользоваться (чем) салфеткОЙ. Использовать (что) салфеткУ. The problem is not which verb to use, they have same meaning, but the sentence will be arranged differently around these verbs. I am a native speaker ^^


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/1Pozin2

Использую - I will use this napkin and then throw it out. Пользуюсь - I use this car for a long time. Используюсь - They are used me (passive). Пользую - ungrammatical of использую. Don’t use it.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ValekFilip

"Пользую" is just outdated. Used to be similar to treat/handle, like "пользовать больного".


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/OlgaBab1

Использовать to use smth Используюсь I am being used as... I will use smth to the extreme (both very unnatural) Пользую I use smth (archaic and derogative) Пользуюсь I use smth


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Alisa673315

Please, do not use "Используюсь" and "Пользую". They are grammatically correct, but both sound extremely weird (I'm a native).


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/1Pozin2

Read "Try not to use such language"- two days ago.

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