https://www.duolingo.com/Ana952545

What do these characters mean?

I noticed while learning Japanese theres other characters. Like in the sentence "わたし日本語がはなせます” (I can speak Japanese).... what purpose does the が serve?

2 weeks ago

9 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/ABEgorov
ABEgorov
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As I understand (if I understand correctly):
私は日本語が話せます
は means that you are talking about 私 [わたし] (yourself)
が means that 日本語 [にほんご] (Japanese) is the subject of the sentence, so 日本語 is doing something
話せます [はなせます] (able to speak) is a verb

So, direct translation: As for me, Japanese language can be spoken.

2 weeks ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Dorinda229160

が is a particle in this sentence it it used to show what the sentences subject is. There are probably better resources to explain this, but here is one that explains it pretty simply in my opinion. http://www.punipunijapan.com/japanese-particles-wa-ga/

2 weeks ago

https://www.duolingo.com/steve817862

The sentence in Japanese is not clear. It means "(First person) Japanese is spoken."

To say "I can speak Japanese," the translation is 私は日本語を話せます。

2 weeks ago

https://www.duolingo.com/ABEgorov
ABEgorov
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But according to https://jisho.org/search/%E8%A9%B1%E3%81%9B%E3%81%BE%E3%81%99
話せます is an intransitive verb. So it cannot take a direct object, so you cannot use を with it. Or am I wrong?

2 weeks ago

https://www.duolingo.com/steve817862

I don't know why it says that it's intransitive, other than it usually is. But when your are talking about a language, it's always ”X語を話す。”

2 weeks ago

https://www.duolingo.com/ABEgorov
ABEgorov
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Hmm... 話せる is intransitive, but 話す is transitive: https://jisho.org/search/%E8%A9%B1%E3%81%99
So probably it should be:
私は日本語を話します

2 weeks ago

https://www.duolingo.com/steve817862

I'm Japanese. I'm not guessing here. What you wrote is "I speak Japanese," not "I can speak Japanese."

2 weeks ago

https://www.duolingo.com/ABEgorov
ABEgorov
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Thank you! ✨And Happy New Year! ✨

2 weeks ago

https://www.duolingo.com/steve817862

ABEgorov: You're welcome and thank you! おめでとうございます!

2 weeks ago
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