I'm getting really confused on sentence construction. For whom is it going good?: "den Jungen." Ok so "den Jungen" is the indirect object. What is going?: "it." Ok so "it" is the object. What then is the subject? Or am I getting the subject and object confused?
Do you always have to have a subject and direct object if you have an indirect object?, or can one of them be missing?
Thanks in advance!
The subject is "es". There's no accusative object in this sentence.
Another type of construction in which what would be the subject of an English sentence is in the dative case in a German sentence are the so-called impersonal verbs. These are verbs in which the grammatical subject of the sentence is "es", a non-specific "it". We have met two of the most common impersonal verbs already:
Es tut mir Leid. ("I'm sorry.")
Wie geht es Ihnen? ("How are you?")
Mir geht es gut. ("I'm very well.")"
Thanks for your post, I will check out the website.
Before I leave, I wanted to clarify my confusion. In the sentence, "I eat an apple," to determine what the object is, we ask the question: "what is being eaten by the subject?" This is the apple and the apple in the accusative form. So, if I ask the same question for this exercise: "What is going." The thing that is going is "it." If I understand correctly, the object is the thing on which the the verb acts. This appears to be accusative. In this case, it seems as if it is "it," but as you said "it" is the subject. This is why I am confused.
I suppose the impersonal verbs make this exception. At any rate, my answers will probably be answered at the website. Thanks again!