How do you conjugate Swedish verbs into the past perfect tense?
I understand that to conjugate a verb into the past perfect tense you need har and a supine. I just don't understand what the supine is. Does it mean to just add t to the end of the infinitive? Any help would be appreciated, please and thank you.
Hello! Yes, for the past perfect tense you normally add -t to the verb root to get the supinum. Beware however some verbs have umlaut, examples (but these are exceptions to the normal): att sälja, att göra, att välja, att vilja etc
Du säljer - du har sålt
Jag flyger - jag har flugit
De vill - de har velat
Han väljer - han har valt
Ni gör - ni har gjort
A curious application for supinum (though in plusquamperfect) is simplification by supinum 'chaining', just stacking the supinums on top of each other:
De hade velat flugit - They had been wanting to fly.
Jag hade velat kunnat flugit - I had been wanting to be able (of) flying
The 'supinum chaining' you are talking about does indeed seem curios to me. I would surely have written those sentences:
"De hade velat flyga."
"Jag hade velat kunna flyga."