TNs, U56: Demonstratives 3 (Demonstrative Pronouns + Suffixes -ci & -là)
A demonstrative pronoun (e.g. "this one" or "those") replaces and agrees with a demonstrative adjective + noun. You learned four such pronouns in "Demonstratives 2".
|Type||Adj + Noun ⇒ Pronoun||English|
|Masc. Sing.||ce + noun ⇒ celui||the one / this one / that one / this / that|
|Masc. Plur.||ces + noun ⇒ ceux||the ones / these ones / those ones / these / those|
|Fem. Sing.||cette + noun ⇒ celle||the one / this one / that one / this / that|
|Fem. Plur.||ces + noun ⇒ celles||the ones / these ones / those ones / these / those|
Demonstratives like ce and celui are ambiguous and can mean either "this" or "that". To remove this ambiguity, you can add a suffix to the end of each pronoun. Add -ci for "this/these" and -là for "that/those".
- Tu veux celui-ci. — You want this one.
- Je préfère celle-là. — I prefer that one.
- Celles-ci sont noires. — These are black.
- Elle n'aime pas celles-là. — She doesn't like those.
These suffixes can also be used with demonstrative adjectives in many situations.
- Je suis très occupé ces jours-ci. — I am too busy these days.
- Ils vous ont vus ce jour-là. — They saw you that day.
- Le magasin est-il sur ce côté-ci de la rue ? — Is the store on this side of the street?
- Elle connaît ce type-là. — She knows that guy.
In conversations, be aware that using demonstrative pronouns like celui-là to refer to people who aren't present can be considered condescending.
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