"He is at home at half past three."
Translation:वह साढ़े तीन बजे घर पर होता है।
I don't really know how to interpret this English phrase - its pretty unusual construction. "Is" suggests a continuous present action, where as a specific time suggests a singular event at a time which is not the present time. What does the Hindi phrase suggest? Does it suggest that he is 'usually' or 'always at home at that time? Does it imply a future event that he will arrive at or by that time?
I see, thanks. I didn't get that vibe from the given translation, I think if I were trying to convey that in English I'd say something like 'At X, he's usually home', with 'usually', 'tends to be', or similar substituting for the lack of habitual.
As it is it sounds like the answer to the question 'When's he [getting] home?', in which the verb getting would often be omitted, colloquially, so that's how I understood it.
साढ़े is used to mean half plus a certain number. So, साढ़े तीन is three and a half. Eg: दूकान से साढ़े चार किलो चावल लाओ। (Get 4.5 kilos of rice from the shop)
When talking about time, साढ़े तीन बजे would thus mean 3:30 (half past three).
Similarly, सवा is a quarter plus a certain number and पौने is a certain number minus a quarter. So, सवा तीन is 3.25 and पौने तीन is 2.75.
When talking about time, सवा तीन बजे is 3:15 ( quarter past three) and पौने तीन बजे is 2:45 (quarter to three).
I was curious about this, seems they do (and are oblique here - 'quarter to') but it's hard to imagine how the direct or vocative forms might ever be used.
साढ़े is from a (Sanskrit) compound of सा + आर्ध (i.e. Hindi आधा) apparently, which is nicely logical - 'with half [more]', well, quite like 'half past' I suppose. (And र्ध somewhere became ढ़।)
First of all, the English sentence here is somewhat unnatural. It is meant to be read like 'He is at home in the evenings". A better option might have been 'He is usually at home at half past three'.
When है is its own, it is used to talk only about the present so having a particular time in the sentence would be incorrect. (Note: Even वह शाम को घर पर है would be incorrect. It would have to be वह शाम को घर पर होता है - 'He is at home in the evenings').
होता is the imperfective form of the verb होना which is used to speak of habitual actions. You can compare the sentence वह तीन बजे घर पर होता है to वह तीन बजे सोता है (He sleeps at 3:00) where the habitual nature of the sentence is more apparent.