https://www.duolingo.com/nueby

Tip: Word order with TO as a stand-alone "pronoun"

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A potentially helpful hint for sorting the sentence order with "to" in pronoun positions (To je moje auto., Je to staré auto.), but not in adjective positions (To auto je moje.):

  • When "to" means "it", consider it a clitic (like "ho"), so put it in the second slot (or in the cluster of words in that slot if there are more clitics, following the clitic cluster priorities from left to right).
  • When "to" means "that" or "this" (This is my wife.), consider it a regular word following the regular rules for w.o. (left positioning for topic, right for focus).

When it works as an adjective ("to auto"), "to" moves around with its noun phrase, following the regular w.o. rules.

I am borrowing the pronoun/adjective distinction from English. Czechs call both of these "ukazovací zájmeno" (demonstrative pronoun), and then we predictably do not know what we are talking about half the time when explaining the translatability of the demonstratives between Czech and English.

We started discussing word order issues in the I do not drink coffee comment in this discussion. The topic is one of the focus areas we are tweaking on the way to the new version of the course.

1 month ago

5 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/fehrerdef
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very helpful. Thanks

1 month ago

https://www.duolingo.com/lordofthedeities
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Thanks, very useful! I consider word order one of the most difficult aspects of the Czech language, together with declensions and verb aspects.

1 month ago

https://www.duolingo.com/fehrerdef
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Is it somehow possible to make this sticky?

3 weeks ago

https://www.duolingo.com/VladaFu
Mod
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I do not know of any way. There were some changes to the Discussion forums in the past months.

3 weeks ago

https://www.duolingo.com/ChristophS49077

děkuji moc!

1 month ago
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