"How many siblings do you have?"
Translation:तुम्हारे कितने भाई-बहन हैं?
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I came across this comment of yours a while ago and I gotta say, it has helped me the most with remembering how to order these questions. Every time a question comes up, I think to myself "Okay, where does the answer go?" and without fail, I've been getting them right now at a 100% success rate.
That simple technique has been a game changer.
So thank you for taking the time to write out your response, because it really has helped!
As I understand it, there are levels or types of possession. If it can be obtained or owned, it takes पास.
Think of family relations (and body parts, etc.) as permanent, fundamental possessions obtained naturally and not owned so we use का, की, के with the possessor or मेरा, मेरी, मेरे type pronoun forms for the possessor.
(I think when we used पास in the Health unit for things like मेरे पास दो हाथ हैं it was redundant in the same way we can drop "एक" in यह [एक] लड़की है)
Abstract possessions like "pain" we learned in the Health unit trigger को.
And finally, proximal possessions like something is near something or someone requires के पास में ("nearby" literally "of near in").
I'm just another learner, but I was just reading a First Year Hindi Coursebook that strongly states you put the question where the answer would replace it in the response. A native speaker could maybe comment on how moving it around changes emphasis, but until then it's probably best to play it safe.