Es and está
Do you use ‘Es’ for objects and ‘Está and other versions of this word’ for people or is there a different rule?
Correct me if I'm wrong, but "es" is an adjective, and "esta" is a verb, which means "he/she/it is..."
Un adjetivo es usado describir un pronombre. Con eso siendo dijo, "es" no puede ser un adjetivo, nunca puede pasar.
Buena suerte con sus estudios!
**Please excuse my lack of accents as I don't have access to the proper keyboard this evening.
El carro que está descompuesto es el rojo= The car that is broken down is the red one. La mujer que está bailando es mi prima.=The woman who is dancing is my cousin. El libro que está en la mesa es mío=The book that's on the table is mine.
There are many different rules and exceptions as to when to use ser and when to use estar. The only real option is to learn them, here's two useful guides:
Even when you think you've got them nailed, one will come along and fox you:
Where is the party?
¿Donde está la fiesta?
Thinking estar is used for location, I used it, but forgot the exception that for planned events you use ser!
¿Donde es la fiesta?
Es is used for inherent characteristics that don’t usually change ie who you are, personality, gender, eye colour etc (there are exceptions!). Estar is used for things that can change such as mood and health and so on (again, there are exceptions!) For instance es is used for profession, which can change and, (unbelievably) estar is used about death, which doesn’t change and also when speaking of where things are, such as countries, which again don’t change. Remember: la practica hace al maestro! Sorry about lack of accents! Hope this helps