https://www.duolingo.com/sensorium24

otwarta vs. otwarci

Hello

I am seeing in front of the shops "otwarta" (open) sign and "jesteśmy otwarci w każdą niedzielę" which means we are open on every sunday but I couldn't understand the difference between otwarta and otwarci and why?

Thank you

1 month ago

5 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/dreamloomer
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"Otwarta" refers to feminine singular nouns. "Otwarci" refers to masculine (and mixed) plural nouns.

on jest otwarty (masculine singular)

ona jest otwarta (feminine singular)

ono jest otwarte (neutral singular)

my jesteśmy otwarci (masculine plural or mixed plural)

my jesteśmy otwarte (feminine plural and neutral plural)

So if you see "otwarta" sign, that probably means that "restauracja" or "kawiarnia" or "cukiernia" is "otwarta".

I hope this explains your question.

1 month ago

https://www.duolingo.com/sensorium24

Yess! Thank you so much :)

1 month ago

https://www.duolingo.com/dreamloomer
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You're welcome. I'm glad that I could help. :)

1 month ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Jellei
Mod
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I think the definitely most common way is to write "Otwarte: 9-17", which works like 'It is open' and is neuter singular.

"Jesteśmy otwarci" works for me as well as "We are open".

I would be really surprised to see "Jesteśmy otwarte" (as in someone's comment) even if the shop only employs women.

"otwarta" also surprises me if there was no other noun. If it was like "Cukiernia otwarta", then sure, but without specifying, it's... wrong, I think.

4 weeks ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Tad-ek

The form 'otwarta' is only singular so incorrect after plural jesteśmy otwarci= 'we are open' . 'Jesteśmy otwarci od 7:00 ...' means 'we are opened from 7PM', and the person-masculine plural case does not precise gender of the owners. 'Jesteśmy otwarte od 7:00 ...' means the same but additionally that the business is run only by women , because otwarte is in the feminine plural case. "Otwarte od 7:00 do 19:00" is also correct but here 'otwarte' is understand as the neutral singular case : "jest otwarte ..." ="It is opened ...". "Jest otwarta od 7:00 do 19:00" can be correct only if we think about business which is feminine like 'restauracja' , not masculine 'sklep', not neutral 'biuro. Therefore the safest forms are only `Jest otwarte' or 'Jesteśmy otwarci' .

1 month ago
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