Korean Hangul Help
I've been learning Korean and two things have me stumped.
You use the ㅇ (ieng) when there's only one other vowel because every block needs at least one vowel and consonant. Then why do they use the ieng two times with one vowel? Plus, when do you know to use it when your putting speech to text?
Why do they add extra characters into a block? Such as the word short, 짧은?
1) when its the first letter in a block its a placeholder, when its a placeholder it absorbs the last sound of the previous block. if you say "팔아요" it will sound like
"팔라요". thats just how it works for the sake of ease of pronunciation. when its NOT the first letter in a block, it has the so-called "ng" consonant sound.
2) blocks with double final consonants, like that 짧다, when you pronounce by themselves, you can only really fit one of the consonants into the sound. 짧다 would sound like 짤다. however; what i said before about first ㅇ absorbing the last sound in a consonant still applies so 짧은 would sound like 짤븐, 짧아요 would sound like 짤바요 and so on and so forth.
Like in the word 영어 (English), for instance? ㅇ is actually a consonant, but when it's in the initial position it gets silent. But at the bottom of the syllable, its pronunciation is ng. Here you can read two very interesting articles about that matter
짧은 - is a modified adjective to describe nouns, its dictionary form is 짧다 - to be short. ㅉ - is simply a consonant, like ㅃ, ㄲ or ㅆ.
There are thirteen possible consonant sequences which can be placed in the syllable ending -ㄲ, ㅆ, ㄳ, ㅄ, ㄵ, ㄶ, ㄽ, ㅀ, ㄾ, ㄻ, ㄼ, ㄺ, ㄿ. For now I only aware of word 삶 - life (noun), it's made with 살다 - to live (verb) + ㅁ gets added to verbs to form a noun.
Good luck with your studies. Hope you will find it helpful.