what's the difference between 애 (ae) and 에 (e) in terms of pronunciation?
Personally, I open my lips slightly more for 애 and slightly less for 에. However, a lot of people do not distinguish each sound differently, and most Koreans will understand you anyways even if you don't have two distinct pronunciations for them.
I am very curious, do you distinguish by ear between the ㅈ and ㅊ in an initial position like in 친구/좋아요 for example, do the ㅈ andㅊ sound different to you in these words? And also between 오 and 어? Thank you.
Absolutely, ㅊ starts little bit forward in the front part of the palate, and ㅈ starts little bit backwards in the front part of the palate. Also regarding distinguishing them when listening to them, let's take more similar looking words as examples, 친구 and 진구 (진구 is just a name).
While it is very hard for me to explain how I distinguish them, since I spoke this language for all my life, the best way I can put it is without confusing you too much would be to bring out ch sound much more, and use more air for ㅊ sounds. For ㅈ, add more j sound and use less air, more vocal cords.
Regarding 오 and 어, 오 uses front part of the mouth, while 어 uses the back portion of the mouth, with slightly more throat. I guess in English, Oh sounds kinda like 어오, so the sound you transition into after your lips become a smaller o, is the 오 sound, while 어 is the sound that you make before your lips become a small o.
Thank you for so good explanation. I definitely hear the difference between ㅈ/ㅊ sound in the middle of the word, but had some doubts, when the word starts with it. So if I made a mistake and pronounced the 어 like 오 for example in the word 사전 you would clearly hear it?
I might think the way you said 사전 sounds funny, but I would understand it just fine.
애 (ae) is pronounced as /ɛ/ while 에 (e) is pronounced as /e/.
In case you don't know the IPA.
/ɛ/ is the "e" in "set"
/e/ is the "e" in "bed"
they sound the same but arent just interchangeable like that, because they used to have different sounds. if you have your korean keyboard on, you can see sticking ㅐ on 우 or
ㅔ on 오 isnt even an option but you can make 웨 and 왜. try it once.
no they are two completely different characters, but they just have the same pronunciation. If you write the wrong character in a word you will get it wrong. However, when speaking it wouldn't matter. Enjoy learning Korean!
애 (ae) is said with a bigger smile (opening lips more as said by SoupandPie) while 에 (e) is said with a smaller smile (like a restrained version of 애 (ae)). However, in practice, there is very little distinction when spoken and it's a common spelling error among native Koreans too so I wouldn't worry too much about it!
There is hardly any difference except the fact that ㅐ has more of an 'a' sound mixed into it, and ㅔ has almost no 'a' sound