How does the reflexible pronouns work? Me, te, se etc.
I have been wondering this for a while now when you would use me, te, se etc.
What I understand is that use use these whenever something does something to itself like:
Me lavo todas las mañanas = I wash myself every morning.
Yo lavo (algo) todas las mañanas = I wash (something) every morning,
like you could but an object or something there to show that you are washing something that isn't yourself.
Is this correct, so you use these me, te, se whenever someone does something to themself?
Yes those are reflexive pronouns, and normally they go with the reflexive verb but not only. Some of the verbs have 2 forms reflexive and regular and they have different meaning:
QUEDARSE: me quedo en casa - I stay at home quedo con mis amigos - I meet with my friends
LLAMAR me llamo Felipe - my name is Felipe llamo a Felipe - I call Felipe
Also me/te/se/os/nos/se can be used in the "whole" context and this can be tricky, for example:
Me comi todo el plato de gambas - I eat whole plate of shrimps El nino se bebio toda la botella - The baby drank whole bottle.
Question: Do you really have to know every single reflexive verb? It seems so illogical & tedious if that's the case & i'd assume that even native Spanish speakers leave out the reflexive pronouns often. I've seen information online about the 25 most common reflexive verbs; can i just study those and not worry about much else?
You don't technically need to know "every single" reflexive verb, only the ones you will encounter in your life. However, it is incorrect to leave out the reflexive pronouns when they are necessary. You don't need to study a list of reflexive verbs to learn them, because you will learn them alongside all the other verbs you learn. It shouldn't be illogical or tedious for you, because when you learn a new verb, just learn it as a reflexive verb, and you should always remember it that way. It's sort of how you learn each -ar verb as an -ar verb, and wouldn't usually get mixed up and use the -er or -ir conjugations.