TNs, U77: Verbs: Future (Conjugations, Conjunctions of Time)

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In Near Time, you learned the French near future tense (futur proche), which uses aller + infinitive to describe an action that is going to happen soon.

  • Je vais manger. — I am going to eat.
  • Vous allez lire le livre. — You are going to read the book.


Another way to express the future is the French simple future tense.

To form it, add the endings below to the infinitive of a verb. For infinitives ending in -re, drop the final -e before adding the endings. For instance, entendre becomes j'entendrai.

Pronoun Ending Example English
je -ai j’espérerai I will/shall hope
tu -as tu puniras You will punish
il/elle/on -a elle comprendra She will understand
nous -ons nous partirons We will/shall leave
vous -ez vous mettrez You will put
ils/elles -ont ils écriront They will write

Also, some verbs are irregular in the simple future. For example:

Infinitive Stem Example Translation
être ser- je serai I'll be
avoir aur- j'aurai I'll have
aller ir- j'irai I'll go
faire fer- je ferai I'll do/make
pouvoir pourr- je pourrai I'll be able to
falloir faudr- il faudra It'll be necessary to
devoir devr- je devrai I'll have to
venir viendr- je viendrai I’ll come
tenir tiendr- je tiendrai I’ll hold
courir courr- je courrai I’ll run
voir verr- je verrai I'll see

Use the simple future tense for events that will happen at any point in the future, often with a lower degree of certainty than a futur proche.

  • Je l'aurai. — I will have it.
  • Ils seront très heureux. — They will be very happy.
  • Nous devrons partir bientôt. — We will have to leave soon.
  • Il verra le résultat. — He will see the result.

After a conjunction of time

The French simple future tense is very similar to the English simple future tense except in compound sentences that use a conjunction of time. When the main clause is in the simple future, the subordinate clause also must be. In English, the subordinate clause is often in the present tense.

  • Je le finirai quand je pourrai. — I'll finish it when I can. (Lit. "when I will be able.")
  • Elle partira dès que elle sera prête. — She'll leave as soon as she is ready. (Lit. "as soon as she will be ready.")

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3 weeks ago



3 weeks ago
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Merci. Très utile.

3 weeks ago
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