https://www.duolingo.com/Sitesurf

TNs, U77: Verbs: Future (Conjugations, Conjunctions of Time)

  • 25
  • 25
  • 9
  • 8

In Near Time, you learned the French near future tense (futur proche), which uses aller + infinitive to describe an action that is going to happen soon.

  • Je vais manger. — I am going to eat.
  • Vous allez lire le livre. — You are going to read the book.

Conjugations

Another way to express the future is the French simple future tense.

To form it, add the endings below to the infinitive of a verb. For infinitives ending in -re, drop the final -e before adding the endings. For instance, entendre becomes j'entendrai.

Pronoun Ending Example English
je -ai j’espérerai I will/shall hope
tu -as tu puniras You will punish
il/elle/on -a elle comprendra She will understand
nous -ons nous partirons We will/shall leave
vous -ez vous mettrez You will put
ils/elles -ont ils écriront They will write

Also, some verbs are irregular in the simple future. For example:

Infinitive Stem Example Translation
être ser- je serai I'll be
avoir aur- j'aurai I'll have
aller ir- j'irai I'll go
faire fer- je ferai I'll do/make
pouvoir pourr- je pourrai I'll be able to
falloir faudr- il faudra It'll be necessary to
devoir devr- je devrai I'll have to
venir viendr- je viendrai I’ll come
tenir tiendr- je tiendrai I’ll hold
courir courr- je courrai I’ll run
voir verr- je verrai I'll see

Use the simple future tense for events that will happen at any point in the future, often with a lower degree of certainty than a futur proche.

  • Je l'aurai. — I will have it.
  • Ils seront très heureux. — They will be very happy.
  • Nous devrons partir bientôt. — We will have to leave soon.
  • Il verra le résultat. — He will see the result.

After a conjunction of time

The French simple future tense is very similar to the English simple future tense except in compound sentences that use a conjunction of time. When the main clause is in the simple future, the subordinate clause also must be. In English, the subordinate clause is often in the present tense.

  • Je le finirai quand je pourrai. — I'll finish it when I can. (Lit. "when I will be able.")
  • Elle partira dès que elle sera prête. — She'll leave as soon as she is ready. (Lit. "as soon as she will be ready.")

Important: If you find any errors in the Tips and Notes, have questions related to the grammar points above, or would like to discuss the topic in depth, please feel free to comment below. We ask that you keep your comments on topic so that this post stays educational and everyone can benefit from them. Any spam or unrelated comments will be deleted.

For more Tips and Notes, click HERE

3 weeks ago

2 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/Jenny759980

merci

3 weeks ago

https://www.duolingo.com/D9PyKDFm
  • 22
  • 20
  • 30

Merci. Très utile.

3 weeks ago
Learn French in just 5 minutes a day. For free.