https://www.duolingo.com/DynaWizard

"kēia lā" and "I kēia lā"

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Can someone explain me the differences between "Kēia lā" and "I kēia lā"? Here are some examples that make me really confused:

-He lā ʻōmalumalu kēia lā.

-Pehea ke anilā o Hilo i kēia lā?

-He lā makani kēia lā.

1 month ago

8 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/Jegge4
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There is no difference.

1 month ago

https://www.duolingo.com/AlanAbonyi
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Just a guess, but in the first and third examples, kēia lã is the subject noun. In the second example, ke anilã is the subject and i kēia lã functions as an adverb.

3 weeks ago

https://www.duolingo.com/JonThysell

Today is a cloudy day.

How is Hilo's weather today? (lit. How is the weather of Hilo on this day?)

Today is a windy day.

1 week ago

https://www.duolingo.com/EduMatOzone
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I think there is no difference. But wait for an expert answer! :)

1 month ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Ezra820160

yea

4 weeks ago

https://www.duolingo.com/jdmcowan
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Putting the i in front of kēia lā turns it into a time stamp. Without the i, it is acting as a noun. I'll use English examples to show you the difference.

"Today is pretty" is using "today" as a noun. "Today" is the thing that is pretty. It also happens to be referring to the current time period, but grammatically, you are talking about the day, not talking about something happening on the day. In this case you would not use the i before kēia lā in Hawaiian.

"Today, it is pretty" on the other hand is saying that something is pretty and it is happening during the time period of today. "Today" is a time stamp for the sentence, not a part of the sentence itself. We would most likely interpret the "it" to refer to "today" and so really it winds up meaning the same thing. But grammatically today is not part of the sentence, it's a time stamp added to the sentence. So for this you would use i to indicate that it is being pretty "on" today.

5 days ago

https://www.duolingo.com/AlanAbonyi
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So, in other words, when functioning as a noun, you simply use kēia lā. If functioning as an adverb, you use i kēia lā. Thanks!

4 days ago

https://www.duolingo.com/jdmcowan
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I wouldn't quite call it an adverb, but that might be a good way to think of it for people who already understand the implications of those terms.

4 days ago
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