How to remember Chinese Characters
Hi there! I just started learning Chinese a few weeks ago and was having a lot of trouble remembering what characters went with what word. I came up with this helpful trick to make it easier: Try to find an image that matches the look of the character. For example for the Chinese word for doctor the characters look like this: 医生. I remember that these characters are doctor because the second one, to me, looks like a person's ribs. In my mind, I remember that the ribs go with doctor. Just think of a picture the character could represent and that will help you remember the word. Sometimes you'll need to get creative, but the more you do it the easier it is to come up with pictures.
Another way to use this strategy is to think of opposites. For example, the character for zero is this: 零. Since this character is one of the most complicated ones I remember that the one with lot's of lines is zero. The counterintuitiveness helps me to keep this one strait. Of course, these strategies won't work for all the characters, and you will just need to remember some the old fashioned way, but this strategy has saved me from losing a life more than once and I hope it can help you to learn Chinese!
chinese characters are divided into 2 kinds of components these are sound characters and radicals. the sound character is the original character and the radical is a meaning component that you add in order to slightly change the meaning of a chinese character these are called the picto-phonetic characters and are how about 85 % of chinese characters are formed
Hi! I learn chinese for 3 years, I hope my tips will help you.
I learn characters in this way: 1) Take a character you need to remember
2) Take the notebook and make the squares like this (I prefer 1x1 cm): https://www.fineasianliving.com/images/product/full/white%20calligraphy%20paper%20with%20grid.jpg
3.1) Then write in the first square the first line of character, in the second one write first and second lines, in the third one write first, second and third lines and so on. In the end you will get the whole character.
3.2) Take the correct stroke order on this site: https://www.yellowbridge.com/chinese/dictionary.php
NOTE: Stroke order isn't so important, but it's improve your writing skills - you'll start to write fast.
4) Then make a second line and write the whole character in every square.
Why I recommend to WRITE characters and not to TYPE? Because when you write something brain memorize the stuff better (fact).
Also try to write the characters everywhere (if you wait someone and so on), it helps to keep your mind in tonus :)
After some months you will notice that you can write any characters in correct stroke order and you will memorize characters faster without writing them.
And then you can classify character by 214 radicals (部首): https://www.yellowbridge.com/chinese/radicals.php
Good luck! :)
This can work in the beginning, but you're going to run into issues with this approach very quickly as you start learning characters that look similar to an uneducated eye (i.e. 嗨/海/每). You can do the same approach but you'd have to do it at the radical level rather than the character level or the word level.
Also, 生 is used in like a hundred different words. You'd be better off trying to make your association of off the 医 character.
This is a great shortcut to help jump start your ability to remember, and I'm all in favor of Chinese language learners using whatever shortcut they need (so get inventive!) -- but I would also caution that this shouldn't be the only method you rely on. Whatever mnemonic you use, ultimately you can't get away from the tried and tested method of basic repetition by copying out the character by hand multiple times until it is muscle memory.
I'm a native Chinese speaker and writer, and even I had to use this method growing up. In fact, for the first 5 years of my schooling, rote repetition of characters would take up the majority of homework for the subject. And even then, now that I've lived in the US for several years and the only time I'm writing is when I'm typing (so I rarely write out Chinese characters by hand), I'm discovering that I'm forgetting how to write characters I used to know at an alarming rate. (It's really quite a shock and makes me feel slightly ashamed sometimes!) If I judged based purely on passive reception, I would not know how much I regressed. THAT is how important repetition and physical muscle memory is even for a native language user.
Creativity helps to personalize the learning for oneself, but shared concepts help with the actual links between one language and another. For the basics, I group them by themes - like body parts, for example (hand, foot, heart, eye, ear, mouth).
Once the basic concepts are in there, then I find it easier to use them in other contexts, whether they're radicals in a single character or in multiple-character terms (like the heart character used to represent emotional states or the mouth character to represent an opening in an inanimate object).
There might be some books about it in the bookstores. I live near Clifton, and the bookstore there(I'm talking about Barnes&Noble) have books on learning Chinese. I found this website, https://www.hackingchinese.com/ try this if you what. Or, you can go on Yotube and find any channels that have to do with learning Chinese.
There's thounsands of different characters, just like there's thounsands of words in English. All you really need to do to be considered as a professional Chinese speaker is to know about 500 characters. But 200 or so is good enought for daily staff, you can always carry a dictionary with you, I carry 2(one English and one Chinese, since I need to catch up with my friends in China).
That is a tricky approach which won't work when you get more and more words. Both components have the ability to be in different words. I feel the best approach is to make flash cards of the words give you the best chance of learning to recognize the word on sight. Plus, you get the tactile learning of writing the character yourself (even if i isn't perfect), then the vocal learning of saying it out loud as you drill. And practice, practice, practice.
I have made flashcards of all the new words each time I get them. On one side I do my best to draw the character, alone. On the other side I draw the character again, and the English word and the pinyin equivalent. Numbers are hardest for me, so I mix them up and drill drill drill. Now I recognize many of the words on sight. I have also started making flash cards of the phrases and sentences, so I can start speaking in whole sentences. When I feel more comfortable with the grammar, I intend to start making up my own sentences.
About 3 years ago I just started writing every day. I got the paper with the squares and I wrote lots of practice sentences and copied from books. Now I can read and write Chinese fluently. Perhaps there are still some time some characters I have to look up but this is becoming less and less common. Just like you learned English, you should read and write.