"The elephants are yours."
Translation:Gli elefanti sono i tuoi.
thanks Rae.F. I put that as my answer and DL said it was incorrect. I feel in this case "yours" can refer to either sing. or plural.
There are any number of reasons why it could have marked you wrong (glitch, typo, it doesn't think you should know it yet...) But yeah, English as it is taught doesn't distinguish between singular and plural "you" and we don't have a formal vs informal. So without any clarifying context, "you" could refer to one person or to many. But you had the "i vostri" agreeing with the elephants correctly, so strictly speaking that was also a valid translation.
le tue means you (singular) have multiple feminine things.
i tuoi means you (singular) have multiple masculine things.
tuo = your (singular masculine)
tuoi = your (plural masculine)
tua = your (singular feminine)
tue = your (plural feminine)
suo = his/her (singular masculine)
suoi = his/her (plural masculine)
sua = his/her (singular feminine)
sue = his/her (plural feminine)
These must agree with what is owned, not who owns it.
Why can't I use l'elefanti? I thought if there is a vowel in front of a noun we use l' to state "the" elephant. If I am mistaken, how are we to use "gli" Maybe I do not understand how to use it.
It only elides in the singular: l'elefante. The plural doesn't elide: gli elefanti.
In this case tuoi is predicate, so it has to be the same gender and number of the subject (gli elefanti); in Italian it's the same as if it were an adjective, i.e. "gli elefanti sono tuoi" (the elephants are yours) and "sono i tuoi elefanti" (they're your elephants) differ only in article and order.
i just have one question about this:
*gli elefanti sono i tuoi
*gli elefanti sono tuoi
are both sentences correct, with meaning "the elephants are yours"?
Yes, they are both correct. Whether or not you include the article before the possessive pronoun in the predicate depends on whether you're adding emphasis.
i do not understand why you wouldn't use
gli elefanti i sono tuoi
i thought the article would come before the possessive noun??
Because they are the elephants. You are not the elephants.
Same reason my cat is small, not my cat am small.
i elefanti uses the wrong form of "the". It needs to be
When addressing one person (
tu), you use the possessives that start with
il tuo = your singular masculine thing
i tuoi = your plural masculine things
la tua = your plural feminine thing
le tue = your plural feminine things
When addressing more than one person (
voi), you use the possessives that start with
il vostro = your singular masculine thing
i vostri = your plural masculine things
la vostra = your singular feminine thing
le vostre = your plural feminine things
Always use the gender that agrees with the thing, not the person. It will always be "la tua torta" regardless whether the other person is a man or a woman.
Before the syllable "tu" you have to use "il" and in plural "i"; gli is used where you'd use lo in the singular, so before vowels or "impure" consonants.