https://www.duolingo.com/Jr.Foraker23

Duolingo's Lingo For Newcomers. You Will Want To Know These.

In the forums, I've noticed that sometimes, points will be rather hard to get across if the OP doesn't use the right wording. Like, new people probably don't know what the skill tree is, evidently because it doesn't look like a tree. So, I thought that I would make a list of all the "Lingo" we use here on Duolingo.

-Skill Tree: A long, segmented column of skills that one learns and progresses through to learn their desired language. The main point of this website. It may not look like a tree, but it is just called a tree because it has branches. One can go here by clicking the "Home" button on the ribbon on the top of the screen.

-Skill/Skill Segment: The circles that appear within the skill tree. One clicks on these to learn a lesson. Once one completes several lessons (which is 1-10 dependant on what skill), one can review that lesson to level the skill up to gold, or he/she can continue down the tree and complete skills very fast.

-Skill Branch: Occasionally, when moving down the skill tree, one will see that the tree will split off into to two different skills instead of one. This is called a branch. In order for one to advance to the next skill, he/she must complete both branches. This appears in the tree fairly often.

-Skill Lesson: When one clicks on a Skill Segment, they will practice the language they are learning. They must answer around 10 questions to get to the end. Once one gets to the end, he/she gets XP and, sometimes (but not often), Lingots.

-Reverse tree: If one has completed learning a new language, he/she can learn the language even more by flipping the roles. If one learns Spanish from English, he/she can then change the setting so that he/she can learn in Spanish, and learn English from Spanish.

-Laddering: If one has already completed the language he/she is learning, he/she can use that language that they have learned to learn another language. For example, one learns Spanish from English, and knows Spanish very well now, so he/she uses Spanish to learn Catalan to reinforce his/her understanding of Spanish and learn Catalan at the same time. It is incredibly difficult.

-XP: Something that one gets for completing Skill lessons. They are used to measure how much learning one does a day. One can set up goals for the day, and if he/she meets that goal, he/she will start a streak.

-Lingots: A digital currency that is used to buy things in the lingot shop. One can buy extra lessons, streak freezes, etc. with lingots. They are moderately easy to obtain.

-Gems. Essentially the same thing as lingots, except they are only on the app (IOS) version of Duolingo, while it's counterpart, lingots, are only accessible on the web version (and all versions that aren't IOS (Android, etc.)). They are much easier to obtain and have a bit more purpose, like buying clothes for the Duolingo Owl (in-app only).

-Streaks: When one achieves his/her daily XP goal that he/she has set up, they get a streak. If one meets the goal on consecutive days, then the long the streak will be. 10 consecutive days of meeting the XP goal = a 10-day streak. People who have long streaks are well-esteemed people and well-respected, usually. But if one forgets to meet the XP goal, his/her streak will collapse, and he/she will have to make back up that streak. A streak is something must be well-kept and checked on thoroughly. One can also learn lingots from long streaks.

-Streak Freeze: Something one can buy in the store that will give him/her a freebie for one day of not meeting his/her XP goal. If one forgets to meet the daily XP goal, his/her streak freeze will 'freeze' the streak and will not let it disappear. It is very useful for people who may forget to do their daily XP goal.

-LSS (Lost Streak Syndrome): When one is very compelled to share their loss of a very long streak. They complain and are devastated, though it is just a number. When people post about their loss, they will likely get shot down by downvotes (see below).

-Crown System and Health System: There are 2 different systems on Duolingo which helps one learn. Some use IOS, which makes them use the Crown System, but pretty much everyone else uses Crown System. They're not the same thing. The Health system is meant to keep things slow and steady while one learns by penalizing one for missing a question, while the Crown System is based more and repetition by having to repeat the same lesson over and over and over again. Both, though, have the same premise, which is going down the tree and completing all the skill lessons to obtain the Golden Owl.

-The Golden Owl: If one completes every single lesson one the tree, a small Golden figurine of the Duolingo Owl will appear with a scarf that symbolizes the language that the tree is about. It doesn't do a whole lot, but it's a nice aesthetic for those who love being rewarded for completing things.

-Mods: The moderators of this forum. They have the ability to delete or hide certain posts if they contain inappropriate content or are just useless information. If you want to know what qualifies as spam and inappropriate, then take a gander at the Community Guidelines.

-Admins: A user who works at Duolingo. May work on the design, forums, or other aspects of the website. Focuses on everything in their department.

-Host: A person who is 18+ that hosts Duolingo events for other people learning the same language to meet up and practice their skills. Will have a green 'Host' ring around their profile picture.

-Contributor: A person who has helped create a course on Duolingo. They are 18+, and are fluent (or very close to fluent) in [at least] two languages. They might also be a moderator for that language's specific forum. Has a golden or green 'Contributor' around their profile picture.

-Educator: A person who has become a verified user of the "Duolingo for Schools" product. The vast majority of educators will not have a green 'Educator' ring around their profile picture. Those who do have the ring have willingly joined the Duolingo Educator Network. This Network helps staff, other educators, and their community.

-Follower/Friend: A person who has followed you. If you follow them back, you become "friends".

-Upvotes/UVs and Downvotes/DVs: On a discussion, such as this one, one can either upvote or downvote it. Upvotes are sometimes known as UVs, for short, and Downvotes are DVs. The more one upvotes a post, the more popular the post will become. Likewise, the more one downvotes a post, the less it becomes popular until it gets to -5.

--5 / A Fiver: When a discussion violates the guidelines (spam) and/or is unpopular and irrelevant, gets five downvotes and disappears from public view. People can still see the post if they still are following the discussion. -5 is usually used more often, but some people prefer fiver, because of it's satisfying shortness.

-Ban/Shadowban: When a person is informed by the Duo staff and mods that they have been essentially kicked from the forum. One can still comment, but no one will be able to see it. This usually results from excessive disobedience of the guidelines. Shadowbans are irreversible, so be cautious on these forums.

-Strength: A value Duolingo calculates for each word one has studied representing how well he'she knows that word. It's calculated from how recently he's/she's practiced it, whether he/she tends to get it right, whether he/she peeks, how long one takes to answer those questions, etc.

-Peek: When one holds the mouse over a word to see its translation.

-Spaced repetition: A learning technique that incorporates increasing intervals of time between subsequent review of previously learned material in order to exploit the psychological spacing effect.

Big shoutouts to all of you who helped out with filling this up and critiquing: Linda7Italian, J_J_max, WinterSoldier, KatrinaTheLamia, hughcparker, Laykilibre, Songve, FredrikVC, KnoxieDerWolf, Sharon275517.

Gratias vobis ago.

1 week ago

23 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/FredrikVC
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Several factual errors.

Skill segment: You need to complete between two and ten (or more) lessons to complete the skill at one crown. You will need to do more to increase the number of crowns for that skill.

Skill lessons There are more than eight questions in a lesson. You do not get lingots for completing a lesson. You get lingots for completing a skill and for meeting your daily goal.

Lingots They are very easy to get. You will soon question what you can do with them.

Gems: The OP is apparently an Apple addict. Gems are only available in the iOS app. Both the web version (which includes the browser on your iPhone) and the Android app uses lingots.

I'm sure there are more, but it's late and I'm going to bed.

1 week ago

https://www.duolingo.com/KnoxieDerWolf

Android also does not use the health system, it runs on the crown system just like the web version. OP implied that all phones run on the health system as opposed to only the web running on crowns.

6 days ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Sharon275517
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Crowns and health are completely different things.

All three platforms (browser, Android app, iOS app) use crowns.

Only iOS uses health, which is a system of giving you five chances and removing a chance each time you make a mistake. There are ways to restore your chances (health), but if you don’t restore them you have to pause your learning when you run out, until they replenish automatically.

6 days ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Jr.Foraker23

Fixed.

6 days ago

https://www.duolingo.com/testmoogle
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The minimum number of lessons a skill can have isn't two. Some skills have only one lesson. There are two skills in the Japanese course which have only one lesson each.

(The 'National Holidays' skill in the Japanese course actually had zero lessons until they removed this skill from the tree. I guess this doesn't count though, since there was no way to complete this zero lesson skill.) :P

5 days ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Jr.Foraker23

Double fixed.

5 days ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Songve

Fiver- when a discussion violates the guidelines, gets five downvotes and disappears from public view.

Shunned- when a person without warning or notification from Duolingodom becomes invisible and thus ignored, like what the Pennsylvania Amish do to members who are thought to violate a principle. Also known as a Shadow Ban. You can comment all you like but only you can see the comment, no one else can. If you are wondering why no one upvotes, downvotes or comments on your post, you may be on a shun.

Streak freak- when you lost what you considered a long streak and feel compelled to share your misery with everyone else by posting a Discussion about it, making up all sorts of excuses and condemning the system for making you so miserable. These tend to be Fivers.

You may be wondering why you do not see these terms under the Guidelines or elsewhere in official Duolingo clarifications. It is because I made them up.

1 week ago

https://www.duolingo.com/hughcparker
Mod
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Strength: a value Duolingo calculates for each word you've studied representing how well you know that word. It's calculated from how recently you've practised it, whether you tend to get it right, whether you peek, how long you take to answer those questions, etc.

Peek: holding the mouse over a word to see its translation.

Spaced repetition: a learning technique that incorporates increasing intervals of time between subsequent review of previously learned material in order to exploit the psychological spacing effect.

duome.eu: A website where you can see which of your skills aren't at full strength, so you know which ones you need to practise.

1 week ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Laykilibre
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Nice idea and nice list. May I add:

Reverse tree: if you have already done/worked on the Language 1 from Language 2 tree, you may want to work on the L2 from L1 tree next, by way of reinforcing L2. (And for that matter L1 if it isn’t your native language!)

Laddering: if you have already done/worked on the L2 from L1 tree, you may want to work on the L3 from L2 tree next, by way of reinforcing L2 while adding another language.

Both of these techniques are, of course, dependent on course availability for one’s target languages.

1 week ago

https://www.duolingo.com/KatrinaTheLamia
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Laddering... nice. That is kind of a plan for me once I get further along.

6 days ago

https://www.duolingo.com/KatrinaTheLamia
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Not certain if there is a term around it... but some crazy people in the forums will have a ridiculously large amount of flags next to their name. These people are freaking insane--and do not feel like you need to mimick their behaviour in anyway.

The not as crazy people will have maybe three or four flags next to their names. They are prolly much better people to listen towards for not being completely ridiculous.

6 days ago

https://www.duolingo.com/AngHarber

Wow! Thank you for this. I've only been learning for 30 days now and have been struggling to understand how DL works and what everything means. Still, I didn't let that lack of knowledge deter me. Reading through other posts on the discussion board shows that overall DL has a great community! I've seen where it is appropriate to give Lingots when you feel someone is deserving - so you get my very first ones. Thanks again!

6 days ago

https://www.duolingo.com/WinterSoldier.

Can't forget LSS: Lost Streak Syndrome MLS: Multiple Language Syndrome

6 days ago

https://www.duolingo.com/letterlover13
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You must either be really bored, or have a lot of time on your hands to write all this! Wow!

5 days ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Linda7Italian

Dv for Downvote. Uv for upvote. Otherwise good work Jr.

1 week ago

https://www.duolingo.com/J_J_max
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Admin: A user who works at Duolingo. May work on the design, forums, or other aspects of the website. Focuses on everything in their department. You can find a complete list of them here: List of Admins

6 days ago

https://www.duolingo.com/J_J_max
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I thought of a couple more (if they're not on here already):

Host: A person who is 18+ that hosts Duolingo events for other people learning the same language to meet up and practice their skills. Will have a green 'Host' ring around their profile picture.

Contributor: A person who has helped create a course on Duolingo. They are 18+, and are fluent (or very close to fluent) in [at least] two languages. They might also be a moderator for that language's specific forum. Has a golden or green 'Contributor' around their profile picture.

Educator: A person who has become a verified user of the "Duolingo for Schools" product. The vast majority of educators will not have a green 'Educator' ring around their profile picture. Those who do have the ring have willingly joined the Duolingo Educator Network. This Network helps staff, other educators, and their community. Read more about the Network here: About the Network and Educators

Insiders: Insiders are people who have inside information on Duolingo (courses, mods, etc.). They have been chosen by the Staff at Duolingo.

(I'm not entirely sure if the Insiders description is correct; I have no idea what they do, but just inferred from the name ^^)

Follower/Friend: A person who has followed you. If you follow them back, you become "friends".

And one last thing, the Crown System/Health System are two different things:

Crowns

Health

6 days ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Jr.Foraker23

I do know about the whole different system thing. I just didn't specfically want to talk about health system because I don't know a whole lot about it, but then specifically talking about computers may not appeal to everyone causing favoritism, so I downplayed both into one single definition. I should probably change that.

Thanks for the more definitions.

6 days ago

https://www.duolingo.com/.bunniment.

This was really useful! Even though I've been here on and off since July or August, I didn't know some of these! Thanks for the helpful post, as always. :)

6 days ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Dessert-Rose
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Wow! Nice list! This must have taken a while to write out. :) Thanks on behalf of everyone, and myself. AP4418

6 days ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Jordan571880

how long did this take to write

4 days ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Jr.Foraker23

The first version took about 45 minutes, and this final version took about 1 hour and 30 minutes.

4 days ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Linda7Italian

Jordan. And well worth reading, every word.

4 days ago
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