A quick question
I get most of the differences between ser and estar, just one thing caught me out, I always see things like "la pizza fue cocinada" etc, but then I saw "esas ventanas están hechas de vidrio", which means "those windows are made of glass", but what got me is I thought it'd be "son hechas" because from what I've seen in the past you use "fue" like "fue hecho por..." "fue publicado por..." etc.
So uh yeah, a bit of help pls.
Ser + participle (Pasiva de proceso). As the name suggest, this passive construction focuses on the process.
Estar + participle (Pasiva de resultado or pasiva de estado). This is also a passive construction that focuses on the state or the result of an action, rather than the process.
For example, "El vuelo fue cancelado" is more or less equal to "El vuelo está cancelado", the difference is that one of them focuses on the process, and the other one focuses on the result. You could say "El vuelo fue cancelado ayer" (placing the action on the day before today) or you could say "El vuelo está cancelado desde ayer" (to say that this is the current state of the flight since yesterday).
- "Esas ventanas están hechas de vidrio" refers to the result of a process.
- "Esas ventanas son hechas de vidrio" refers to the process of making them.
"Son hechas" is completely correct too, but I think that Duo doesn't accept it because of the next thing: when I first saw that sentence what I thought was that those windows "Están siendo fabricadas" (I didn't know how to say this) right now, in this exact moment. So it's a very small confusion because I only thought it for about one second and then I thought about the other meaning, the one that you are referring to. (That's my opinion. And please correct me if I made a mistake writing in English).
I think it is están hechas because estar is linked to hacer, not to las ventanas.
Las ventanas están hechas. Son de vidrio. - The windows are made. They are of glass.
Nah if I didn't have exams to worry about I'd do more than one at once, I'll be doing a bit of German before I go to Germany later this year (I already know the basics) but thanks nonetheless