when to use einen and den

guys i don't understand when should i use einen and den i'll give 12 lingots (that's all i have lol) for the one who answer my question

February 6, 2019


Sorted by top post

You have one apple - Du hast einen Apfel You have an apple - Du hast einen Apfel You have the apple - Du hast den Apfel

DonĀ“t spend all your "money" for help, we are all learning here.

February 6, 2019

Einen is one, and den is the.

February 6, 2019

Einen is one

And let me add on to that: Einen can also mean "A"/"An". :) AP4418

February 7, 2019

Hi Xavier, check out this move...whoosh! AP4418

February 7, 2019

this will get easier once you know what accusative and dative are. (if you don't already) Masculine singular nouns in the accusative use einen for a/one and den for the

all plurals (any gender) in the dative use den for the

February 6, 2019

rather that talk about Nominative, accusative, dative and genitive, you may have better way understanding it like this.

Nominative - the subject of the sentence. The thing doing the action. John is eating the gorilla. John is the nominative or the subject. This is in German when you use the different "standard" determiners

Accusative - This is the direct object. This is the thing that the subject is doing something to. In my above sentence, John is eating the gorilla, the gorilla is the direct object, or accusative. THIS is where you use einen or den. In accusative der and ein for masculine change to den and einen to differentiate them, fortunately for learners these are the only two changes, as die, das, eine and ein stay the say for neuter and feminine.

Dative - the indirect object. the thing that is affected by the verb, normally the recipient. John gives gorilla meat to his brother. This is where things start to get complicated. The brother is the indirect object, or dative, since they are not doing anything other than being on the receiving end of the gorilla meat. Many times in sentences it can be difficult to determine if something is doing something, having something done to it, or being affected by what is going on. In English this case is often when we are doing something to, on, with, for other similar things for someone else. German removes the "to his" by just modifying the his part of it.

And finally Genative - possession. More complicated than this, but best way to explain in a simple manner

Of course this is a vast oversimplification of the cases. In English we have kind of combined the Accusative and the Dative together to form the Objective case. I, Me, Mine. You, You, Yours. He, Him, His. Only in German it changes our "the" a/an" and every other determiner, and the ending based on gender of the noun.

February 7, 2019

In English grammar, your Dative case example is not quite correct. In the sentence, "John gives gorilla meat to his brother" - brother in this sentence is the objection of the prepositional phrase "to his brother". To use an indirect object in English, the sentence would need to be changed to "John gives his brother gorilla meat".

February 7, 2019

Einen = "a" or "an" while Den is a word for "the".

The trickier thing is knowing which words to use for "the", "an" or "a" in sentences.

Ich mag den Apfel (I like the apple)

February 8, 2019
Learn German in just 5 minutes a day. For free.