when to use einen and den
guys i don't understand when should i use einen and den i'll give 12 lingots (that's all i have lol) for the one who answer my question
You have one apple - Du hast einen Apfel You have an apple - Du hast einen Apfel You have the apple - Du hast den Apfel
Don´t spend all your "money" for help, we are all learning here.
Einen is one
And let me add on to that: Einen can also mean "A"/"An". :) AP4418
this will get easier once you know what accusative and dative are. (if you don't already) Masculine singular nouns in the accusative use einen for a/one and den for the
all plurals (any gender) in the dative use den for the
rather that talk about Nominative, accusative, dative and genitive, you may have better way understanding it like this.
Nominative - the subject of the sentence. The thing doing the action. John is eating the gorilla. John is the nominative or the subject. This is in German when you use the different "standard" determiners
Accusative - This is the direct object. This is the thing that the subject is doing something to. In my above sentence, John is eating the gorilla, the gorilla is the direct object, or accusative. THIS is where you use einen or den. In accusative der and ein for masculine change to den and einen to differentiate them, fortunately for learners these are the only two changes, as die, das, eine and ein stay the say for neuter and feminine.
Dative - the indirect object. the thing that is affected by the verb, normally the recipient. John gives gorilla meat to his brother. This is where things start to get complicated. The brother is the indirect object, or dative, since they are not doing anything other than being on the receiving end of the gorilla meat. Many times in sentences it can be difficult to determine if something is doing something, having something done to it, or being affected by what is going on. In English this case is often when we are doing something to, on, with, for other similar things for someone else. German removes the "to his" by just modifying the his part of it.
And finally Genative - possession. More complicated than this, but best way to explain in a simple manner
Of course this is a vast oversimplification of the cases. In English we have kind of combined the Accusative and the Dative together to form the Objective case. I, Me, Mine. You, You, Yours. He, Him, His. Only in German it changes our "the" a/an" and every other determiner, and the ending based on gender of the noun.
In English grammar, your Dative case example is not quite correct. In the sentence, "John gives gorilla meat to his brother" - brother in this sentence is the objection of the prepositional phrase "to his brother". To use an indirect object in English, the sentence would need to be changed to "John gives his brother gorilla meat".