"I read a newspaper."
Translation:Ich lese eine Zeitung.
There is no logic behind the article and the substantive's gender. But most substantives that end in -ung, -ing, -heit, -keit, -icht will receive article "die" in german. The subst. ending with -chen are to be used with "das". There are more of these tips&tricks on the internet, but I can't remember all right now.
eine is used with feminine nominative and accusative nouns.
• Eine Frau liest. • Die Frau liest eine Zeitung.
Note that the grammatical gender of a noun has nothing to do with its actual gender. Zeitung seems to be neutral, but the word is grammatically feminine (die Zeitung). A Mädchen is very clearly feminine, but the noun is grammatically neutral (das Mädchen).
[also, in plural, everything is feminine — die Frauen, die Manner, die Mädchen]
einen is used with masculine accusative nouns.
• Ein Junge liest eine Zeitung. • Ein Mann isst einen Apfel.
In the nominative case, masculine nouns carry ein, which changes to einen in the accusative case.
From nominative to accusative:
ein (masculine) —> einen
eine —> eine
ein (neuter) —> ein
der —> den
die —> die
das —> das
As you can see, only masculine articles change forms from nominative to accusative case.
Like all verbs in German, it depends on who's is doing the action. Am I doing it? Is he doing it? Are they doing it? Once we figure out that part, we then have to conjugate the verb to fit the answer.
So lets say HE is reading. that would be written as Er liest.
Lets say I am reading. That would be written as Ich lese
Lesen is the un-conjugated root word. The word changes based on whos performing the action and when (he was reading, he is reading, he will read)
As you can see, similar things happen in English. The original verb is "to read". This can change. He will be readING. He currently readS. He will read.
When you see things like this, I find it helps to try and think if English has an analogous rule. Sometimes they dont, but it helps if they do.
Eine in the previous lesson showed that you use it before "frauen"/"frau" which is for women/woman, which means that you use it before an adjective replacing a pronoun like so: "Mary ist eine frau." which translates to "Mary is a woman". I dont know how to explain the otger two butbi hope this helps you.