Hi , is there anyone who can simply explain 'ci' in Italian?
Ci is a very versatile pronoun, it can take five different meanings:
- "us" (direct object personal pronoun for the first person plural):
Lui ci aiuta. = He helps us.
- "to us" / "for us" (indirect object personal pronoun for the first person plural):
Lui ci dà un passaggio. = He gives a lift to us → He gives us a lift.
- "here" / "there" / "in this place" / "in that place" (locative pronoun, referring to a place that has been previously mentioned); its more formal equivalent is vi (see https://forum.duolingo.com/comment/30459029):
Io ci tengo i libri. = I keep books there / in that place / in it / on it.
- "with this" / with that" / "with these" / "with those" (instrumental pronoun, indicating the means by which an action is performed, referring to something that has been previously mentioned):
Io ci scrivo. = I write with it. (but it could also mean "I write in it / on it")
- "with him" / with her" / "with them" (indicating company, i.e. one or more persons with whom an action is performed together):
Io ci gioco a tennis. = I play tennis with him / with her / with them. (but it could also mean "I play tennis there", or "I play tennis with it")
In order to understand the specific meaning of ci in a sentence the context is very important, otherwise multiple interpretations are often possible.
Wow,many usages! Thanks a lot it was so complete and helpful, try to use ' Ci' in my sentences from now on
You are welcome.
It is very useful to practice ci because of its multiple meanings.
ci can mean there/it. So the expression "ci sono" would be "there are" (plural) while "c'e" means "there is" (singular). But in some cases, like pronominal verbs it can mean it, like the expression "non ci credo" means i don't believe it. Hope that helps
This website helped me understand more clearly about ' Ci ' and ' C'è '. It's safe to visit if you are worried. It explains the usage and nothing more.