"उन्होंने चाय नहीं पी।"

Translation:They did not drink tea.

February 13, 2019

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Why not 'piyen' instead of 'pi'? Is that not a word that exists?


So there are transitive and intransitive verbs. Transitive verbs are verbs that take a direct object, like here पीना = to drink. It's a transitive verb because you have to drink something, there needs to be an object. In Hindi, verbs in past tense change depending on whether it's transitive or intransitive, if it's transitive like पीना, the conjugation goes off the gender of the object, चाय is feminine, so पी. Then intransitive verbs go off of the subject, which is I think what you were thinking of here. "I drank tea" = मैंने चाय पी. "I drank milk" = मैंने दूध पिया. "He went" = वह गया. "She went" = वह गई. (To go is intransitive as you can't "go something", you just go.)


Thanks a lot, is this only about simple past tense?


Can't we use वे instead of उनहोने। please explain.


Transitive verbs like पीना agree in number and gender with their object(s) rather than the subject in certain tenses (simple past, perfective tenses etc), as Zerenei has explained above.

When this happens, we need to modify the subject a little to indicate that the verb is not conjugating with it. In the case of nouns, this is done by having a ने follow the noun (eg: नेहा ने चाय पी).
In the case of most pronouns, it is done by tacking on a ने to the pronoun (eg: मैंने चाय पी). For the pronouns यह and वह, it is done by adding a ने to their oblique forms (Eg: इसने चाय नहीं पी). The pronouns ये and वे become इन्होंने and उन्होंने respectively (Eg: इन्होंने चाय नहीं पी).

Note: These forms of the pronouns are sometimes called the 'ergative case' forms because they identify the pronoun as being the subject of a transitive verb. However, as I mentioned earlier, they are used only in certain tenses and in the rest of the tenses, even transitive verbs conjugate with the subject as usual so these special forms are unnecessary. Therefore, there is some debate about this terminology.


Why my answer 'She did not drink tea.' was marked wrong?

'उन्होंने' can also mean 'He/She' when a singular noun/pronoun is respectable.


Yea ur right....but here u can't qualify the gender....here it can be a boy or a girl or both....so "they" is gonna b the perfect one to translate into...so people can't argue with "y she it can also b he" or ""y he it can also b she".....

Thank you, Hope it helps



Yes it is right but if they refer to he or she they will say that. But as they are saying "unhone" that means " they"

[deactivated user]

    He and she should also be accepted


    They did not drink tea


    It should be piea instead of pi, pi is feminine, unhena is plural, so confusing, please help me?


    Look at the comments by Zerenei and me above. The verb is conjugating with चाय and is thus in the feminine form.

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