"You are a boy."
Translation:Du bist ein Junge.
"Sie" is formal, "du" is informal. As a rule of thumb, you use "Sie" for anyone you would call sir/ma'am in English.
There are two sie's: sie in small letters refers to the pronoun 'she'. The Sie in capital letters is used in formal conversations. Du refers to 'you' and can mean both male and female. It is used for informal conversations.
You use Sie (which is Formal) when taking to someone such as an elder teacher wife and Ect. Du is non formal so use when talking to classmate, friend, kid
Du is used when you are talking to a teen or a child, or amoung good friends. The use of Sie is formal and should be used all the time unless the person you are talking to is speaking informally. Then you must also use du.
Would it be better to use Sie or Du in public? (Even if just talking to dad,mom or siblings.)
Depends whether you speak in plural or singular..."Sie" can be for both pl. and sg., but for plural, the informal word is "ihr"...but to be honest, I never used "ihr seid" (=you are, informal plural) so far ;-)
It would be the accusative if it were the direct object of an action verb.
Alice likes him. Who is liked?
Bob kicked the ball. What was kicked?
Carol is a woman. What is ... ised? Nope.
Verbs like "to be" are stative verbs. They equate or compare. There is no action. Anything that comes after a stative verb (in many but not all languages*) is in the nominative.
*Polish would put it in the instrumental, for example.
When you use a form of sein, the object of the sentence is actually also the subject, so it takes the nominative case instead.
Yes, thats wrong. It would be: "Ihr seid ein Junge" which wouldnt make sense because "ihr seid" is "you are (plural)" and "ein Junge" is "a boy" and multiple people cant be one boy.. :D
Knabe is very old-fashioned and elevated. It was the standard word for boy in the written language up until the early 20th century, but was then replaced by Junge because Knabe had no basis in dialectal varieties, unlike Junge. It only sees limited use in Switzerland (mainly in writing).
In general, Duolingo will only test you on the words taught in each lesson. It usually does not accept alternate words or translations besides those presented in the lesson.
I understand why the noun is capitalized. But would it be wrong if I didn't capitalize it?
Indeed, it would be wrong. Thats just the way you have to write it in German - all nouns capitalized.
(ok so basically the only other language i can speak is french and i'm basing it off that) But is Plural for all genders? also is 'du' and 'sie' for both genders?
For 'the' in English : der, die, das. Der : for masculine nouns(for ex. : der Mann, der Apfel) Die : for feminine nouns(for ex. : die Frau) Das : for neuter nouns(for ex. : das Mädchen)
because bist is the way to say 'are' when using 'du'. If it had said 'I am a boy' it would be like this 'Ich bin ein junge'. Hope this helps :)
Einer is used to show the Dative and Genitive case for feminine nouns.
Nominative case uses ein (masculine and neuter), eine (feminine), and keine (plural; think [k]eine): Du bist ein Junge; Du bist eine Frau; Du bist ein Mädchen; Wir sind keine Jungen.
"Er" is a pronoun meaning "he." "Er ist ein Junge" translates to "he is a boy."
Wait so you use ein for men and eine for women but for kids you just use eine?
It's not about boys or men or girls or women (natural gender) but about grammatical gender.
The two sometimes match when speaking about humans, but not always -- for example, das Mädchen is grammatically neutral even though it refers to a female human.
So you use ein with grammatically masculine and neuter nouns (e.g. ein Mann, ein Junge which are masculine or ein Kind, ein Mädchen which are neuter), and eine with grammatically feminine nouns (e.g. eine Frau, eine Person).
what is the difference between "bist du ein junge" and du bist ein junge"?
"Bist du ein Junge?" translates to "Are you a boy?" where as "Du bist ein Junge" translates to "You are a boy". We put the verb (bist) first when we are asking a question.
To say "a" or "one". A boy is "ein Junge". Ein is used for masculine and neuter nouns. Eine is used for feminine nouns. A woman is "eine Frau". This is in the nominative case.
Ihr means you plural and informally. You can think of it as "you all" in English. You would use ihr when speaking TO a group of people you are familiar with such as a group of friends or family. (Are you all going to the movies with us?)
You would use sie (they) when talking ABOUT a group of people. Such as: "Are they in your class?" Instead of the word they, you may see other equivalent nouns such as: the boys, the students, the parents.
The tricky part is when we use Sie (capital letter). Sie can refer to a single person or a group a people who you would speak formally to. You would use Sie when talking TO your boss, or addressing a group of superiors. This can be tricky because when Sie is the first word of the sentence you arent sure if it means you formally or they. In real life you will have context to tell you who you are talking to or talking about.
Let me know if that all makes sense!!
Roughly like "yungeh", where the first "u" is like "book" or "push".
In IPA, it's more or less /jʊngɛ/.
Thanks. I was going by the recording, which sounded more like /ɛ/ to me than /ə/. I can also never remember the distinction between // and .
Not just singular.
Like English "you", Sie is used whether you're speaking formally to one person or many.
Though in this sentence, only the singular makes sense, since several people together cannot be one boy.
Yes, though French vous also covers German ihr (informal plural).
But yes, Sie and vous are similar in their formal usage, applying to either one listener or many.
No. "to be" takes the predicate nominative, never accusative. There is no action received. It is just a state of being.
ihr seid is used for talking to several people at once.
But several people cannot all together be one boy.
So "you are a boy" has to be talking to one single person -- which is du bist ein Junge in German.
du/ihr is like anta/antum or to/shoma in Arabic or Persian, I believe.
Can we at least get to hear the sentence in full after getting it correct? Just for pronuciation lessons as well.
Nominative (Nominativ) The boy is tall. (Der Junge ist groß.) Who is tall? (Wer ist groß?) The boy is tall). (Der Junge ist groß.) Accusative (Akkustiv) I see the tall boy. (Ich sehe den großen Jungen.) Whom do I see? (Wen sehe ich?) The tall boy.) (Den großen Jungen)
German changes some words depending on the role of the word in a sentence -- whether it's the thing that does the action or receives the action, for example -- or depending on other words around it.
English does this a little bit with pronouns, e.g. we say he sees her and she sees him, rather than he sees she and she sees he.
Those are cases -- English has two (e.g. he versus him), German has four.
The nominative case is used for the subject of a verb (the person or thing that does the action), and also the part after "to be" (e.g. in "you are a boy", both "you" and "a boy" will be in the nominative case). It's like the subjective case in English (e.g. he).
The accusative case is used for the object of the verb (the person or thing that receives or is affected by the action). It's one of the roles of the objective case in English (e.g. him).
We don't have the accusative case in English, but we do have the objective case.
Close. Objective case in English covers what is in German the accusative, dative, and genitive cases.
What is all the verb conjugation of bist? Is "isst" or "ist" a part of it?
"Du bist" stands for "you are" (bist is a form of "sein" for 2nd person singular). Ist is also a form of "sein", but for 3rd person singular.
"Isst" means eats :-) (Er isst - he eats)
i said du bist ein junge, but it said that I said Sie sind ein Junge. did I say it right or not?
When you say 'Du' do you use it for olny the word the or other uses of words?
"Du" means "you" (informal) There are a lot of words that mean "the" but in the nominative case there is only "der" for masculine nouns, "die" for feminine nouns, and "das" for neutral nouns
It's definitely more common than neutral, and "dictionary official," but I've seen both terms used.
its too difficult for me to learn german by english becauce i come from greece pls made a german lesson at german !!!!!
So I have taken a few years of spanish. (I'm a high school student and they have ruined the language for me). What is the difference between spanish and german conjugation. Ich is the same as the yo form. Du is the same as the tu form. sie/er is the same as the el/ella/usted form. after that I am lost. is there a nosotros/vostotros form. and I saw something about sie also being plural similar to how ellos/ellas/uds is plural. How does this all work? Thank you for your feedback!!!
For the same reason that we say "you are" and not "you is".
You have to pick the right form of the verb that fits the subject.
With du, we use bist and not ist or sind or seid -- just as with "you", we use "are" and not "am" or "is".
To say "You are" informally we use "Du bist". If we are speaking formally (with a teacher or superior) to say "You are" we would use "Sie sind"
So when it says all nouns are capitalized in German does it actually mean ALL of them? Not just the proper nouns?
Yup it means all the noun such as Mann(for man), Frau(for women), Katz(for cat), Kind(for child).
I translated "You are a boy" as "Du bits ein Kind", instead of "Du bist ein Junge". Aren't both answers right?