"You are a boy."
Translation:Du bist ein Junge.
"Sie" is formal, "du" is informal. As a rule of thumb, you use "Sie" for anyone you would call sir/ma'am in English.
It would be the accusative if it were the direct object of an action verb.
Alice likes him. Who is liked?
Bob kicked the ball. What was kicked?
Carol is a woman. What is ... ised? Nope.
Verbs like "to be" are stative verbs. They equate or compare. There is no action. Anything that comes after a stative verb (in many but not all languages*) is in the nominative.
*Polish would put it in the instrumental, for example.
Yes, thats wrong. It would be: "Ihr seid ein Junge" which wouldnt make sense because "ihr seid" is "you are (plural)" and "ein Junge" is "a boy" and multiple people cant be one boy.. :D
Knabe is very old-fashioned and elevated. It was the standard word for boy in the written language up until the early 20th century, but was then replaced by Junge because Knabe had no basis in dialectal varieties, unlike Junge. It only sees limited use in Switzerland (mainly in writing).
It's not about boys or men or girls or women (natural gender) but about grammatical gender.
The two sometimes match when speaking about humans, but not always -- for example, das Mädchen is grammatically neutral even though it refers to a female human.
So you use ein with grammatically masculine and neuter nouns (e.g. ein Mann, ein Junge which are masculine or ein Kind, ein Mädchen which are neuter), and eine with grammatically feminine nouns (e.g. eine Frau, eine Person).
Nominative (Nominativ) The boy is tall. (Der Junge ist groß.) Who is tall? (Wer ist groß?) The boy is tall). (Der Junge ist groß.) Accusative (Akkustiv) I see the tall boy. (Ich sehe den großen Jungen.) Whom do I see? (Wen sehe ich?) The tall boy.) (Den großen Jungen)
German changes some words depending on the role of the word in a sentence -- whether it's the thing that does the action or receives the action, for example -- or depending on other words around it.
English does this a little bit with pronouns, e.g. we say he sees her and she sees him, rather than he sees she and she sees he.
Those are cases -- English has two (e.g. he versus him), German has four.
The nominative case is used for the subject of a verb (the person or thing that does the action), and also the part after "to be" (e.g. in "you are a boy", both "you" and "a boy" will be in the nominative case). It's like the subjective case in English (e.g. he).
The accusative case is used for the object of the verb (the person or thing that receives or is affected by the action). It's one of the roles of the objective case in English (e.g. him).
Ihr means you plural and informally. You can think of it as "you all" in English. You would use ihr when speaking TO a group of people you are familiar with such as a group of friends or family. (Are you all going to the movies with us?)
You would use sie (they) when talking ABOUT a group of people. Such as: "Are they in your class?" Instead of the word they, you may see other equivalent nouns such as: the boys, the students, the parents.
The tricky part is when we use Sie (capital letter). Sie can refer to a single person or a group a people who you would speak formally to. You would use Sie when talking TO your boss, or addressing a group of superiors. This can be tricky because when Sie is the first word of the sentence you arent sure if it means you formally or they. In real life you will have context to tell you who you are talking to or talking about.
Let me know if that all makes sense!!
ihr seid is used for talking to several people at once.
But several people cannot all together be one boy.
So "you are a boy" has to be talking to one single person -- which is du bist ein Junge in German.
du/ihr is like anta/antum or to/shoma in Arabic or Persian, I believe.
SEIN (to be)
ich bin (I am)
du bist (you are)
er/sie/es ist (he/she/it is)
wir sind (we are)
ihr seid (y'all are)
Sie sind (they are)
It glitches like that sometimes. Next time that happens, take a screen shot and file a bug report:
Same reason we can't interchangeably use "am" and "are".
"du bist" is the singular familiar
"Sie sind" is the polite
So I have taken a few years of spanish. (I'm a high school student and they have ruined the language for me). What is the difference between spanish and german conjugation. Ich is the same as the yo form. Du is the same as the tu form. sie/er is the same as the el/ella/usted form. after that I am lost. is there a nosotros/vostotros form. and I saw something about sie also being plural similar to how ellos/ellas/uds is plural. How does this all work? Thank you for your feedback!!!