https://www.duolingo.com/profile/MarcoC2018

Skipping of teh accusative -t with pronoums

Elolvasom a könyved

I find the above sentence in internet, written by hungarian people, so I suppose it is correct.

Why not:

elolvasom a könyvedet

What is the rule? Can you skip the -t with pronoums?

February 20, 2019

5 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/jzsuzsi

This appears in the very last skill of the Hungarian tree:) I just copy the tips&notes:

In this (final) skill, you will meet possessed direct objects, or in other words objects with both a possessive suffix and an accusative suffix. The form of these is relatively simple. The noun is followed by the possessive marker and by the accusative marker in that order:

házház-amház-am-at ‘my house (obj.)’

Adding the accusative is fairly regular, too. Recall that for a word like alma ‘apple’, adding the accusative lengthens the final vowel:

almaalmá-t ‘apple (obj.)’

The same happens with possessive forms ending in -a:

ház-a ‘his/her/its house’ → ház-á-t ‘his/her/its house (obj.)’

Note that possessed direct objects (nearly) always require the definite verb form, and they often appear with a definite determiner or a possessor anyway.

Finally, when the possessor is in the first or second person singular, the accusative can sometimes be omitted:

Add a kezed! ‘Give me your hand!’

Here, it is fairly common to just use kezed instead of kezedet. This is never possible when the possessor is in the third person.

February 20, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/MarcoC2018

Thank you very much! Finally it is clear!

February 20, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/akilleyca.48

Are there word order restrictions with this? In my (limited experience) it seems the form without -t is the last word in the sentence, would 'A kezed Add' or "a konyved elolvasom" (or a koyved olvasom el) be okay?

February 21, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/jzsuzsi

It does not depend on word order.

A könyved elolvasom. / A könyved olvasom el. are also okay.

February 21, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/akilleyca.48

köszi

March 4, 2019
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