what are me verbs or mem verbs or something
what do mem/me verbs do? example punya becomes mempunyai what is the difference between the meanings of the words
Punya is the root word of mempunyai. Like lari is the root word of berlari. I suggest that you should use this app here: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.easyindonesiagrammar It goes into detail about how prefixes and suffixes can make different verbs and adjectives.
So you can use this back to back along with Duolingo to get an idea of how most of the words here function. :)
Me- = active
Di- = passive
Me-kan = active and transitive (a noun must follow it)
Di-kan = passive and transitive
Memper- = active with increased quality
Diper- = passive with increase quality
Me-i = active, causative, and transitive
Di-i = passive, causative, and transitive
"Me" has different conjugations depending on the root word:
Me- precedes "front of mouth" sounds (l, m, n, r, w, and y)
Men- precedes "roof of mouth" sounds (c, d, j, and t*)
Meng- precedes vowels (a, e, i, o, and u) and "back of mouth" letters (g, h, and k*)
Mem- precedes "lip" sounds (b, f, p*, v)
Meny- replaces 's'
*These letters are replaced by men-, meng-, and mem- respectively.
Semoga sukses ya. :)