"The person reads a newspaper."
Translation:Die Person liest eine Zeitung.
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It is neither of those -- it is die Person (with capital P).
The grammatical gender of a noun does not, in general, have anything to do with the natural gender of the object that the noun refers to. It's just something that you have to learn.
das Messer is neuter, die Gabel is feminine, der Löffel is masculine, even though knives, forks, and spoons are neither male or female.
Similarly, die Person is feminine (even though persons can be male or female) and das Mädchen is neuter (even though girls are female), etc.
Learn the gender of a noun together with a noun; trying to deduce it through "logic" will usually not work.
This is a very stilted sentence. It sounds like an observer of a secret service tells somebody else of the actions of the observed person.
I would never say it this way in any normal conversation. I'd say Sie liest eine Zeitung. or Er liest eine Zeitung.. Or I would use the persons name instead of the pronoun.
Person is generally a word used to talk about somebody from an emotional distance, at least in German.
Why cant I use mensch here?
mensch (with a small m) is not commonly used in German; I wouldn't recommend that beginners learn it.
You can use Mensch (capital m), which means "human being" but can also often be used as "person".
So you could write Der Mensch liest eine Zeitung, for example.
What was your entire answer?