https://www.duolingo.com/profile/will.125

Indonesian Word Order

Does anyone have some helpful tips for keeping track of Indonesian word order? It's what's given me the most trouble so far, to be honest -_-

February 28, 2019

2 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/joeldipops

The general rules, which admittedly do get broken in a number of cases are:

Subject - Verb - Object for sentences

Anjing makan daging = Dog - eat - meat = The dog ate meat, dogs eat meat etc

Nouns come BEFORE adjectives, noun phrases and other modifiers

Anjing besar = Dog big = The big dog

Possesives and articles come at the end of noun phrases.

Anjing besar saya = Dog big I = My big dog

Anjing besar itu = Dog big that = That big dog.

Counters, however, precede the noun / noun phrase.

Dua anjing = Two dogs

"YANG" introduces a more complicated noun phrase or clause in a similar way to "that"

Daging yang saya masak Meat that I cooked.

Putting it together

Dua anjing besar saya makan daging yang saya masak

My two big dogs eat meat that I cooked.

"What" questions:

In the usual case, the word "apa' just replaces the noun.

Anda makan apa? = You eat what = What do you eat? / What are you eating?

But in certain sentences, or for certain emphasis, you can put it at the start, but you need to use "yang"

Apa yang Anda makan? = What is it that you eat? = What do you eat?

I will try to post more tips later.

March 1, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Rick392366

The general rules, which admittedly do get broken in a number of cases are:

Subject - Verb - Object for sentences

Here is more info about the structure of a basic sentence:

https://forum.duolingo.com/comment/29750700

Please note that an Indonesian sentence does not necessarily need a verb in order to be a complete sentence.
We use the term "Predicate" rather than "Verb".
Subject-Predicate ==> that's the minimum requirement for a sentence.

March 1, 2019
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