https://www.duolingo.com/indo_0912

Object Construction/ Passive

Can someone please explain (in simple form I'm dumb) what happens in object construction when in first person, second person and third person. i have been taught it, i just don't understand :)

March 1, 2019

3 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/joeldipops

I don't understand the question. Are you talking about pronouns or nouns? Or is this about the pattern where you say something like "Akan kubeli bola" I've forgotten how that works, but will look it up when I got home. My Indonesian wife advises me it's quite rare to see it these days though.

Unless you're asking a much simpler question, or for anyone that stumbles across this one, here's another answer.

For nouns, there is never any change for person or case.

Saya membeli bola = I bought a ball

Anda membeli bola = You bought a ball

Dia membeli bola = She bought a ball etc

Same thing in passive:

Bola dibeli oleh saya = The ball was bought by me

Bola dibeli oleh Anda = The ball was bought by you

Bola dibeli oleh dia = The ball was bought by her.

For pronouns, a change is possible, but not necessary, and only in in informal language.

Bola dibeli olehku - The ball was bought by me

Bola dibeli olehmu - The ball was bought by you

Bola dibeli olehnya - The ball was bought by her

You generally can't use these contractions in active sentences

Not Grammatical:

Ku ngebeli bola, Mu ngebeli bola, Nya ngebeli bola.

March 1, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/indo_0912

thanks :) so in you use the di form in third person what about first and second?

March 4, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/joeldipops

Oh there's no change.

Saya diajari oleh guru = I was taught by a teacher. Kamu dikejar oleh polisi = You were chased by the police.

March 4, 2019
Learn Indonesian in just 5 minutes a day. For free.