(m) der = le
(f) die = la
(n) das = article neutre
(pl) die = les
ein = un
eine = une
ein = article neutre
List of definite articles (der words - "the") and indefinite articles (ein words - "a/an") in English:
I am brasilian, in portuguese we say for exemple 'woman' singular is ''mulher'' and int the plural we say '' mulheres'' another exemple... ''boy'' singular is '' menino'' plural is ''meninos'' ... the articles in english ''the'' in portuguesse we use ''o, a, os, as'' ''o'' and ''a'' is for singular and ''os'' and ''as'' is for plural... Masculine singular ''the boy'' .. '' o menino'' Masculine plural '' the boys'' ... '' os meninos'' Femenine singular '' the woman'' ... '' a mulher '' Femenine plural '' the women'' ... '' as mulheres''
Good study for all of you Bons estudos para todos voces
Sorry my english.. it is not very good...
Jungen is a group of boys only. youth would translate to der Jugendliche (male youth/teenager), die Jugendliche (female youth/teenager) and the youths to die Jugendlichen (group of teenagers). Btw. teenagers is a common word in Germany nowadays as well.
What may be confusing later is that the German adjective for young is jung and due to declension can also appear as junge as in Das junge Kind (the young child). Here the capitalization of nouns will help, as adjectives are not capitalized.
I have wrote "Die Jungen trincken das Wasser" but I hear "Die Junge trinkt Wasser". I have wrote the correct answer because I did this mistake earlier. Why I cannot hear "-en" from Jungen and "-en" from trinken? It is mute/softly pronounced? I pronounce "-en" like the end of english word "people", it is correct? Thank you!
Die is also the definite article for plural.
Have a peak at this:
Hope that helps, if not, ask for clarification.
You can take a look at this. It may help:)
I don't think "jugendliche" is a noun -- it looks like an adjective. In English, a "youth" is a noun, or it is an adjective, based on the usage. The plural of the noun "youth" is "youths" but in America, the plural is more often "youth" as well. Or maybe I'm not very good at my native language.
jugendlich is an adjective, you are right. and with feminine inflection you get jugendliche as in Die jugendliche Frau.
However der or die Jugendliche (capitalized) is the Nominalization of the adjective describing a male or female youth respectively and I would say we use it more frequently than the adjective. You can also see it here in the dictionary: