https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Fausto605781

qual vs quale vs quali

quali is for pl masc quale is for pl fem

what for sing fem and sing masc?

March 6, 2019

1 Comment


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/CivisRomanus

Quale can be an adjective (if it is followed by a noun) or a pronoun.
In either case, quale is the singular form for both masculine and feminine, quali is the plural form for both:
Quale libro?
Quale pagina?
Quali libri?
Quali pagine?

Qual is the short form of quale, used in very few cases, usually only before inflections of the verb essere that begin with 'e':
Qual è? (not qual'è?)
Qual era? (not qual'era?)

Instead quali does not have a short form, so before inflections of the verb essere that begin with 'e' it forms an elision, taking an apostrophe:
Qual'erano? (not qual erano?)
But this elision is optional, so quali can be also spelt in full:
Quali erano?.

March 6, 2019
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