500 Polish Verbs (w toku)
Hey guys, I completed the Polish from English course last summer and since then, I have been trying to expand my vocabulary and improve my grammar and speaking. I took notes of every skill from the Polish tree in Google Docs and recorded all of the vocabulary from them. For the past fee months, I have been working on a list of essential/common Polish verbs in a separate doc and I now have 367 verbs; I'm shooting for 500. It includes verbs taught in this course as well as many others I have found online. In the future, I will try to include "Conjugation Group" labels for each verb that are linked to another Doc, which will show each different type of conjugation in the language. I'm posting the link here in case anyone wants to contribute any verbs or other bits of advice or wants me to share the doc with them if they want to edit. I thought that it could be a collaborative effort with the other users and could be very useful for new learners as well.
If you need to find a Polish verb, you can simply press "Ctrl + f" and type in the verb in English or Polish. If the verb you are looking for is not included, you can comment below or request access to the document and add it subsequently. Currently, the list only includes the Polish verbs from A-Z with their English equivalents. The perfective aspect is listed below as well as other compound uses of the verbs. I also included the object pronouns with the verbs to inform the readers which grammatical case to use in sentences. Here is the Google Doc link:
That's a list with very common words. I guess there must be about 500 verbs among them. They are easy to spot, since there are only infinitives.
EDIT: As there are less verbs there than I had previously expected, here are some more words:
I have been trying in vain to find decent Polish resources and have come up with very little. I did find these pages with lists of Polish verbs, adjectives, prepositions and conjunctions:
The main problem is that these are lists of links so you have to click each individual link to tell what the Polish word means. But maybe it can be of some small help to those compiling lists of Polish words.
A verb will only require a noun to take a specific case, if the verb is transitive. In this dictionary you can check transitivity as well as the required case.
If it's transitive, it will say czasownik ... przechodni and the case will be indicated after the "◊".
The link shows the example rządzić. There is an "◊ N." which means it requires the instrumental case. (In Polish: narzędnik).
A "◊ D." will indicate that the verb requires the genitive case (In Polish: "dopełniacz"). If the verb is transitive, but there is no case indicated, it means that it's accusative.
For verbs like dotykać, which can take two different cases depending on the meaning, there are two seperate entries.
Yes, also nouns and/or adjectives following specific prepositions will also require specific cases. This is the case for both transitive and intransitive verbs.
Ex: grać w sport: to play a sport
-"w" calls for the accusative case, so the noun "sport" is in accusative. "W" is also a preposition in the locative case as well, in which it means "in."
grać na instrumencie: to play an instrument
-"na" calls for the lucrative case, so "instrument" is declined as "instrumencie." "Na" is also a preposition in the accusative case as well, in which it means "for" (i.e. for the purpose of sth).
I am Polish. I just wanted to point out that the example ‚grać w sport’ is not in use. We never say so. You can eg.‚grać w piłkę nożną’ or many other kinds of sport, but never ‚sport’ itself. You can ‚uprawiać sport’ or ‚zajmować się (jakimś) sportem’ (less common and considered a russicizm).
Duolingo's discussion forums typically have a lot of information on the cases and when they are used. brOd4 makes pretty thorough posts, here is one about the genitive: https://forum.duolingo.com/comment/16569658/A-short-guide-What-is-Genitive-Case-Useful-For
It includes many of the verbs, prepositions, and other instances in which the genitive is required.
Some websites that I use which can help:
WordReference is very helpful and usually includes any prepositions or object pronouns (e.g. coś, kogoś, czymś) alongside the verbs for different contexts. For declensions of different cases, Wiktionary and Odmiana.net.
Thanks for all the hints, Blaire and Alik. Really helpful!
I also use:
https://sjp.pwn.pl/ (for tracking back a certain form of the verb if I don't know the infinitive; getting context-usage and further infos)
https://dict.leo.org/polnisch-deutsch/ (if you look up a verb or a noun you find the pronounciation by clicking onto the play-icon left to it; by clicking onto the symbol left of the play-icon you find the conjugation/declension)
https://de.pons.com/ (right to the noun you look up you find it's genitive- and plural-endings, also pronounciation-icons; for the verbs case-hints, prepositions to use the verb with, the aspect-counterpart [not always working] and for all kinds of words several contexts you find them in, distinguished by topicrelated categories)