"QIpbogh Ha'DIbaHmey Qob chaH ghotpu''e', 'ej 'e' DaSov."
Translation:People are stupid dangerous animals, and you know that.
I would be grateful if someone could descontruct this sentence for me. I don't understand why "bogh" is appended to "QIp" to result in the "correct" translation. I translated it with: People who are stupid are dangerous animals, and you know it (should have used "that" instead of "it", but when I did the question again with "that", it was still marked wrong).
Both "it" and "that" are accepted as translations of 'e'. That is not where the problem lies.
The QIpbogh here cannot be applying to the ghotpu', they are too far apart. To get your translation of "People who are stupid are..." the Klingon sentence would have to be: Ha'DIbaHmey Qob chaH QIpbogh ghotpu''e'. In the Klingon sentence used in this exercise, the QIpbogh is modifying the Ha'DIbaHmey. Normally you could say, Ha'DIbaHmey QIp, except that in this sentence we have two verbs we want to use adjectivally and we are only allowed to use one. So the -bogh phrase gives us a way to add additional adjectives. QIpbogh Ha'DIbaHmey Qob creates one long noun phrase: "dangerous animals that are stupid". Then that is equated to "people" with ...chaH ghotpu''e'.