"The name of the Dutch person"
Translation:Jina la Mholanzi
Does 'la' translate as the English preposition 'of'? It doesn't come up in online lists of prepositions but that seems to be its meaning here.
I'm not sure which sentence you're referring to (the stem '-ake' means his/hers/its). That would be in one of 3 ways:
- Jina lake la kiholanzi - his/her Dutch name
- Jina lake ni la Mholanzi - his/her name is that of a Dutch person
- Jina lake ni la kiholanzi - his/her name is Dutch
The prefixes change the meaning of the word. The adjective stem '-holanzi' is used to mean 'Dutch' (adj) or 'of Dutch origin', but doesn't stand alone.
- Mholanzi - Dutch person
- kiholanzi - Dutch (adj), of Dutch origin
- Uholanzi - Holland.
The first and 2nd prefixes apply to all nationalities and references to country-specific origins. The last prefix applies to countries whose translations and pronunciations change from English to Swahili. For probably 98% of African countries, the name doesn't change from English to Swahili, so the prefix 'U-' is not used.
On the subject on country names: last year when I asked my Uber driver in Dar to take me to Ubalozi wa Uswidi, he told me everyone would say Ubalozi wa Sweden. I forgot to ask him what our language would be called: Kiswidi or Kisweden. The latter sounds pretty weird to me :)
it would be Kiswidi. It's very common to conversationally mix English and Swahili