r[skill 2] plurals
Link : loom ladder | Prev:Basics 1 | skill | Next:Common Phrases | note: click on blue text for audio or links. ( note. if you hold down the " ctrl " button and " left click " it will open up the related link/audio in a separate tab. Thus keeping this one open here.)
- Pronoms sujets using nous ; vous ; ils / elles
- Plural for nouns where the 'article' changes to
[les](http://www.frenchtutorial.com/en/learn-french/basics/audio/les.mp3)♫ , and works for either gender. And where an
s' is added to the end of the noun.
- les garçons : the boys
- les filles : the girls / the daughters
- les femmes : the women / the wives
- les hommes : the men
- les enfants (m): the children
- les chats (m): the cats
- les journals (m) : the newspapers
- les lettres (f) : the letter, note
- les livres (m) : the books -les menus(m): the menus.
- les oranges (f) : the oranges
- les pommes (f): the apples
- les robes (f) : the dresses
(m) : male noun, meaning in the singular it is le ~
(f) : female noun, meaning in the singular it is la ~
- adjectives: (a 'describing' word, usually used to define another person or thing). Note : adjectives usually come AFTER the noun they are describing, except in cases of Beauty, Age, Numbers, Goodness/badness, and Size - BANGS. (there will be more about this later.)
- calmes : calm where for plural add
~sto the end.
- calmes : calm where for plural add
- Color as an adjective
- rouges (intranstitive - the same for either male or female) : plural for the color red
- noirs (male) / noires (female) : plural for the color black
To read more about spelling of colors, click here.
avoir: to have | belongs to the 3rd group of french verbs. Avoir is one of the small handful of MOST important verbs to learn.
j'ai : I have | tu as : you have | il a : he has | elle a : she has
nous avons | vous avez | ils ont | elles ont
être: to be | 3rd verb group. être is one of the small handful of MOST important verbs to learn.
je suis : I am | tu es : you are | il est : he is | elle est : she is
nous sommes | vous êtes | ils sont | elles sont
er: to love | belongs to the 1st group of verbs and follows a standard pattern. It is also referred to as an ~er verb. The pattern of this LARGEST group of verbs is:
je ~e, tu ~es, il/elle ~e ; nous ~ons, vous ~ez, ils/elles ~ent
e| tu aim
es| il aim
e| elle aim
ons| vous aimez | ils aim
ent| elles aim
Check out this thread on " aimer : to love or to like - that is the question " to find out HOW to use this verb in a sentence.
er: to eat. | 1st verb group - that follows a standard pattern - the pattern described for aimer above.
e| tu mang
es| il mang
e| elle mang
ons| vous mang
ez| ils mang
ent| elles mang
Click here to find out about why there is a spelling change for " nous mang
écrire: to write. | 3rd verb group.
s| tu écri
s| il écri
t| elle écri
vons| vous écri
vez| ils écri
vent| elles écri
Note: l'accent aigu (m) : the acute accent é, that is at the beginning of écrire. One of the most important of les accents (m) the accents - because it tells you WHAT sound the e should make in this word. It is VERY worthwhile to learn this - especially at this early stage. Also remember to click on the blue highlights to hear the sound the é.
lire: to read. | 3rd verb group.
s| tu li
s| il li
t| elle li
sions| vous li
sez| ils lisent | elles li
To find out more about verbs and verb patterns click here . However this is just a reference, and at this early stage of your journey - it is not necessary to do heaps of reading. I think most people will just continue their steady progress up the ladder without lots of extra reading - I know I did first time around. However some people may want to delve a little further at this stage. There will though be references later in your journey back to this verb and verb pattern overview. I think most of us though did write the verb tenses on a bit of paper or similar - as above - to help us past this stage. You writing things down is also GREAT to help put things into your memory. Then repetition should do the rest. Some people do it JUST by repetition ! Everyone's journey is though unique - and it is what works for you - and keeps you engaged - that is what makes the biggest difference to gaining success. BON COURAGE ! You have already come so far.
6. AND don't forget about et ♫ : meaning 'and'.
I hope it is alright to offer corrections for two typos:
You accidentally left the 's' off at the end of "girl" (les filles).
Avoir belongs to the second group of french verbs (not 3rd).
Also, instead of BAGS, I learned BANGS: Beauty, Age, Numbers, Goodness/Badness & Size.
Great job! You are too kind to make these study guides for everyone. :-)
Yes - that is what this is about. Having things reviewed! I am not doing this 'professionally' I do make mistakes. THANK YOU :) Here is another lingot. Unlike a normal conversation - in these posts - I will edit information I type at will. So please I hope you understand - I have taken your information and corrected the listing above it - to be correct. Because it is about making the information above correct - not a historical document - and make it as readable as possible. A little light hearted wherever possible. Also if we can make these references as usable as possible, and have links coming into good posts - then they will not disappear under the volume of posts. - like creating a 'spider web' of connections. I know a lot of this is still my work - but I am reaching out to other good comments people have made. It will take time - but I think this is improving the site - can make peoples learning journeys better (as well as my learning journey) :)