Der, das, die
I'm very confused on when/how to use der, das and die in different situations. (for example, for genders) All I know is that they all mean "the". Thank you :))
There are two answers:
- You'll have to learn the article with the noun.
- There are some basic rules, but there are also
many exceptions, so don't rely on these rules fully. Also, make sure you don't mistake the last few letters of a word for an ending.
*(See end of comment)
The are rules are roughly like this:
*exceptions include das Mädchen (the girl).
Most nouns ending the following endings are feminine:
Foreign words that are used in German with the following endings are feminine:
Cardinal numbers have a feminine article.
Most nouns ending in the following are Masculine:
*except for infinitives.
Most instruments or things that do stuff that end in "-er" or "-or".
(Most?) Nouns derived from verbs ending in "-er" are masculine.
Car brands are masculine.
Months and seasons, days, points on the compass, and most weather elements are masculine.
Most names of alcoholic drinks are masculine.
Most non-German rivers.
Most nouns that end in the following are Neuter:
Most collective nouns starting with "Ge-" are neuter.
Infinitives used as a noun are neuter.
Most of the 112 chemical elements are neuter.
Colors are neuter.
* About proper endings and coincidental "endings":
Here is an example, there is a "rule" that words ending in -in is feminine. What about das Bein (the leg)? Well, it's not an ending! It's just the last letters of the word.
Using the same rule as example, let's take a look at die Ärztin (the [female] doctor).
The infinitive form, or root-form, of the word is der Arzt (the [male] doctor), so the -in at the end of Ärztin is a real ending (-in, here, indicates that it's a female doctor, without it, it's a male doctor).
I hope this makes sense! Have fun with you course! AP4418
(I'm open for corrections.)
Wowww thank you so much!!! That really helped :))))))))) (yes, it does make sense don't worry, it helped a lot ;))
I have never seen the root form of a noun described as "the infinitive form" before. I think that is a mistake. See https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/infinitive.
To make an umlaut, change your Keyboard to international and hit quotation marks and then the letter you want, if you just hit quotes twice, you get just the umlaut. ¨ Like that. Ö,ü, ä. Es ist schon einfach.
Danke schÖn ÜÄÖ Entschuldigung! dose not allow me to do lower case with umlaut ú á ó
Gute frage! das hätte ich auch jemand gefragt Sorry if this is wrong still only on level 5
It is a good habit to learn everything with „the“ as part of the word. You are not learning „book“ but „the book“. And i recommend learning the Plural at the same time, since there are multiple ways to make plurals.
You will start to see patterns after a while, but it is best to learn the gender of the word with the word.
Also keep in mind, the different cases will start to change der, die, das into other forms.
I know that "das," as well as being "the," can be "this," and "that," Duolingo does not really tell me when to use the correct the, but a paperback book would, my only problem is that I do not know all of those fancy words they use, such as "subjunctive," and whatnot.