"My sister has a dog."
Translation:Meine Schwester hat einen Hund.
haben takes the accusative case.
Nominative: ein Hund
Accusative: einen Hund
Dative: einem Hund
In addition to Kruekauer's answer: also because the dog is the object in this sentence (entity that is acted upon by the subject). The object is always in accusative.
See the thing I don't understand is that logically they aren't acting on the dog, so how is it accusative? Is it only accusative in structure but not in context?
So confusing coming from English since we don't modify anything based on dative and accusative, but I think breaking it down like this might help:
Who? My sister What does she do? She has What does she have? a dog
So instead of "the thing receiving the action", try thinking of it as "the thing that the SUBJECT VERBS to"
So when do we use Meine?
Is the following right? 1) when masculine subject is plural 2) when the subject is feminine
??? confused... help!
Given what Krueckauer says below about haben, why was this correct: "Ich habe ein Pferd." (Pferd is neuter)
There was a good reply to this when treeman22 asked the same question earlier. If you can find it above, they answer it much better than I can.