"Tall people eat."
Translation:लंबे लोग खाते हैं।
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The 'bindu' or 'anuswaar' (the dot on top of the ल in लंबे) has a pronunciation that depends on the letter that that comes after it. It is typically pronounced as one of the five nasal consonants- ङ्, ञ्, ण्, न् or म्. For instance, it is म् in लंबे, न् in हिंदी and so on. Consequently, it is correct to write लंबे as लम्बे or हिंदी as हिन्दी. Most modern style guides prefer the form with the dot (especially for the letters ङ् and ञ् which are extremely rare in Hindi outside of such anuswaar pronunciation) but you can also use the alternative.
It indicates that the sentence is in the present tense. All present tense sentences have है/हैं/हो/हूँ at the end (with a few exceptions like negative sentences where it is optional).
For example, लंबे लोग खाते हैं is 'Tall people eat' (present tense) while लंबे लोग खाते थे is 'Tall people used to eat' (past tense).