https://www.duolingo.com/BobVesterm

prefixes I haven't seen yet

I'm having some trouble keeping all the subject-object prefixes straight, so I just made a table of them. There are some combinations that I haven't found in the notes yet. I've only done through the "Locations" lesson, so maybe they come later, but I'm wondering if that's true, or if I missed them, or if they don't exist, or if they exist but are not in the lessons, or what.

(1) I to me (I know this could be done with the -egh suffix, but is there a prefix for it that could be used instead?)

(2) I to us

(3) you-singular to you-singular (Could be done with -egh in some cases, but not all; e.g. "you help you" in the sense of "Fred, help Bert")

(4) you-singular to you-plural

(5) we to me

(6) we to us (Again, could be -egh in some cases, but not all cases)

(7) you-plural to you-singular

(8) you-plural to you-plural (Again, could be -egh in some but not all cases)

If any of these simply don't exist as prefixes, how does one say such a thing? Except for the places where one could use -egh, of course.

April 15, 2019

2 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/jdmcowan

(1) I to me (I know this could be done with the -egh suffix, but is there a prefix for it that could be used instead?)

No prefix. Use -'egh.

(2) I to us

Get creative. nuvpu' vIlegh. nuvpu'vam maH.

(3) you-singular to you-singular (Could be done with -egh in some cases, but not all; e.g. "you help you" in the sense of "Fred, help Bert")

You can't change "legally" change addressees in the middle of the sentence, especially, since Klingon puts the object first. You would never call the object SoH unless you were going to then follow through with the verb being addressed to that same person. In which case you would use -'egh instead of the object.

(4) you-singular to you-plural

Again, it can't be done with prefix or suffix and you must get more creative. Something similar to the I-us example could work again.

(5) we to me

Same again.

(6) we to us (Again, could be -egh in some cases, but not all cases)

If your changing which group of people is in your "we", then you will need to explain that in your sentences. So like above, but probably more complex as you differentiate each group.

(7) you-plural to you-singular

Same as 2, 4, 5.

(8) you-plural to you-plural (Again, could be -egh in some but not all cases)

Same as 6.

April 15, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/DavidTrimb3

Here's the chart on Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Klingon_grammar#Prefixes

And here's what TKD says about those combinations you're asking about:

"— in the chart notes subject-object combinations which cannot be expressed with the Klingon verb prefix system. For such meanings, suffixes (section 4.2.1) and/or pronouns (section 5.1) must be used."

April 15, 2019
Learn Klingon in just 5 minutes a day. For free.