How can I remember all the Hindi letters?
I am currently Level 5 in Hindi, Crown Level 12, but I am confused on how I can remember all the 46 letters. I don't really get the differences between them either, such as in the sound "jai" it is the "j" sound with two letters above it. It doesn't really make sense to me, can anyone please comment some strategies I can use to get used to the lines, letters, and stuff? Thanks, and sorry this was SUCH a short post! It is my first forum post ever.
Someone gave me the link to this tinycard set a week or two ago, and it's pretty helpful. https://tinycards.duolingo.com/decks/3BAQrGWR/hindi-alphabet
The Devanagari script tutor (https://www.hindibhasha.com/) is another good resource.
What you talking about with respect to putting some symbols above 'j' to make 'jai' are consonant-vowel combinations. In the standard form, each consonant is combined to the vowel अ(a). So, ज is 'ja'. Every other vowel has a sign (called 'matra') associated with it that can be attached to the consonants to combine them with that vowel instead.
Best place to start is Garret Wilson's site. His way of explaining each letter is great and he provides easy to remember mnemonics: http://www.garretwilson.com/education/languages/hindi/devanagari/
I found http://www.learning-hindi.com helpful. It has an explanation of each letter. Compares and contrasts it with similar letters. And further, includes sound clips of the letter alone, and in a word.
The order of the consonants is also a phonetic ordering; I find this "varnamala" of the Devanagari script fascinating and beautiful.