"My newspapers are taken by my nephew."

Translation:Koran-koran saya diambil keponakan saya.

April 22, 2019

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Why no "oleh"?


This is a great question as I still find it confusing


'oleh' can be omitted if the passive 'di-' verb is directly followed by the agent/actor.
'oleh' must be used if the passive 'di-' verb is followed something else than the agent/actor.
agent/actor = the one performing the action of the verb ==> 'keponakan saya'.


1) Koran-koran saya diambil (oleh) keponakan saya.
2) Koran-koran saya sudah diambil (oleh) keponakan saya tadi pagi.
3) Koran-koran saya sudah diambil tadi pagi oleh keponakan saya.

tadi pagi = this morning.

In sentence 1 and 2 , 'oleh' is optional.
In sentence 3, 'oleh' must be used.

Here is more info about the 'passive voice'


I was marked incorrect for not doubling the koran. I know saying koran twice is more accurate, but Duolingo often uses the singular form to mean plural, so why is it so important here all of a sudden?

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