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In solchen Restaurants isst man weniger und bezahlt mehr.

In the sentence "In solchen Restaurants isst man weniger und bezahlt mehr." why is isst man instead of man isst???

July 17, 2012

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https://www.duolingo.com/christian
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https://www.duolingo.com/Katherle
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Word order in German is relatively flexible, e.g. you can start a sentence with the object. However, there is one thing that is not flexible and cannot be changed: the position of the verb! In a "normal" declarative sentence (i.e. a sentence that is not a question, a command or a subordinate clause), the inflected ("changed") verb is always in the second position. "Second position" does not necessarily mean the actual second word in a sentence, but the second grammatical unit. "In solchen Restaurants" is one grammatical unit - an adverbial of place that tells us where something happens. If we choose to start the sentence with "In solchen Restaurants", the inflected verb ("isst") has to follow immediately in the second position: "[In solchen Restaurants] [isst] [man] [weniger]". It is also possible to start the sentence with the subject ("man"). Again, the inflected verb ("isst") remains in the second position: "[Man] [isst] [in solchen Restaurants] [weniger]." This word order is called V2 (= verb-second). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/V2_word_order

July 17, 2012
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