Duolingo is the most popular way to learn languages in the world. Best of all, it's 100% free!

"El niño está enfermo."

Translation:The boy is sick.

5 years ago

6 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/dkat
dkat
  • 21
  • 2

the use of esta is new for me. I am not sure when you use it

5 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/rocko2012
rocko2012
  • 25
  • 14
  • 3
  • 2012

We use "is" in a number of very different ways in English. Spanish uses different words for some of those uses. In this case "está" is from the verb "estar" and "es" is from the verb "ser". I use the following mnemonic to help remember where to use each but it still a bit confusing. Ser: Description, Occupation, Characteristic,Time,Origin, Relationship(DOCTOR) and Estar: Position, Location, Action, Condition, Emotion(PLACE). In this case it is a condition and that requires '"estar".

5 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/mswagg

thanks for that tip, ill remember this!

5 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/amoussa
amoussa
  • 16
  • 15
  • 10
  • 10
  • 4

Be sure to notice that it is "está" and not "esta"!

Esta: this / that

Está: third person singular conjugation of the verb "estar" which means "to be" when talking about location (Ella está en Madrid - She is in Madrid) or about properties that are easily changed (El está cansado - He is sleepy).

5 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/cranspan

''the little boy (vs. boy: muchacho) is sick'' should be acceptable.

11 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Blas_de_Lezo00
Blas_de_Lezo00
  • 25
  • 25
  • 25
  • 25
  • 24
  • 18
  • 10
  • 4
  • 3
  • 3
  • 809

The kid is ill

9 months ago