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  5. Use of '-enye'

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/machieng

Use of '-enye'

This preposition has 2 uses, depending on context:

  • Functions as part of an adjective phrase (kirai kivumishi) in sentences, to introduce a modifier in a dependent clause (kishazi tegemezi), e.g. "a person with a yellow shirt", "a woman of great power", etc.

Noun class prefixes

Noun class Singular Plural
M/Wa Mtu mwenye Watu wenye
Ki/Vi Kiti chenye Viti vyenye
Ji/Ma Jicho lenye Macho yenye
M/Mi Mwiko mwenye Miiko yenye
U/N Uso wenye Nyuso zenye
N/N Nyumba yenye Nyumba zenye

Adjective phrases

Sentence Translation
The person with a yellow shirt will be photographed Mtu mwenye shati ya manjano atapigwa picha
The three-legged chair has been sold Kiti chenye miguu mitatu kimeuzwa
  • Functions as a locative preposition that introduces the prepositional clause. In this context, it is always kwenye. Examples of prepositonal clauses are: "sits on the chair", "featured in the news". Note that other prepositions can be used in place of kwenye and vice versa to mean the same thing e.g. She is seated on the mat = Ameketi kwenye mkeka = Ameketi juu ya mkeka = Ameketi kwa mkeka.

Also note, in general the use of ‘-ni’ at the end of a noun makes it a prepositional clause e.g. ‘Nyumbani’, ‘shuleni’. Therefore, the suffix ‘-ni’ functions as a locative preposition and as such, you would not use a preposition, such as kwenye, with it.

Also also, both functions of ‘-enye’ can be used in the same sentence

Prepositional clauses

Sentence Translation
The students are seated on the chairs Wanafunzi wameketi kwenye viti
Place the plate on the table Weka sahani kwenye meza
Football will be played at the big muddy field Kandanda itachezwa kwenye uwanja kubwa wenye matope

NOTE

Times, i.e. dates, days, months, holidays, do not need prepositions when used as adverbs of time.

Sentence Translation
Shops/Stores will be closed on Christmas day Maduka yatafungwa Sikukuu ya Krismasi
The Mathematics class is on Thursdays Somo la Hisabati huwa Alhamisi
I was born in January Nilizaliwa mwezi wa kwanza
She leaves the office at 5 PM Yeye huondoka ofisi saa kumi na moja (jioni)
May 13, 2019

6 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/njeri-1331

Awesome! These are a great idea - please keep them going!

I'm loving how much more active the Swahili forum is these days. :)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Ernst557459

Brilliant, thanks!!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/dsimonds

Asante sana kwa maelezo yako kuhusu -enye. How do you feel about -enye followed by an infinitive: "watu wenye kusema uongo", "nyumba zenye kujengwa kwa matofali", "matunda yenye kuliwa na watu wa pwani" and so forth.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/machieng

yup, that falls under the first use I described since they function as adjective phrases


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AGreatUserName

In the M/MI class, the standard form of -enye in the singular is wenye, not mwenye. So mwiko wenye.

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