"the woman, the women"
Translation:ka wahine, nā wāhine
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Languages seem always to have exceptions to rules, and this rule is no exception to that, but the rule is: use "ke" if the following word starts with "a", "e", "k", or "o"; otherwise use "ka".
The mnemonic I use for this rule is "ke ao" (the cloud), which contains exactly the letters that trigger the rule and is also an application of it.
With regard to my earlier question about how one can type/select for letters having Hawaiian accents- Is there a way to do so on a HP Chromebook that would be similar to the option for German to have an additional 'e' following the umlauted vowel?? Nutzlich without the umlaut indicated, Nuetzlich with the umlaut indicated. Nutzlich coincidentally is the German word for useful, btw. Thanks for any info on this as it appears to be a big aspect of the Hawaiian language.
Hawaiian announces plural form with "the" instead of changing the end of the noun. Ka or Ke is roughly "the, singular." (Although it is not always present in the English translation.) Nā is "the, plural" no matter if the singular was ka or ke. Bonus! Some words do change their vowel length when they become plural: ka wahine, nā wāhine; ka makua, nā mākua; ke kupuna, nā kūpuna; and so on.