"We have a dog to exercise."

April 14, 2013


I have seen sentences ending in "per esercitare"; "da esercitare", and "a esercitare" in this lesson. And I get it wrong every time. Can someone please help me understand when I'm supposed to use "per, da, and a" with infinitives? I've tried to google explanations, but I haven't found a satisfactory answer.

April 14, 2013
  • 2094

Usually the prepositions that introduce the infinitives are the same that introduce normal objects, with the same purpose; "da" is a little different here because this is a type of object that can only work with a subordinate sentence, and it means "which can be", "which must be". As for the others, in "Vado a esercitarmi" (I go exercise) 'a' has the same meaning as in "Vado a casa" (I go home), while 'per' generally introduces purpose sentences, e.g. "Prendi l'autostrada per tornare a casa" (Take the highway to go back home).

April 14, 2013

Thanks, I think the explanation of: purpose sentences for 'per' has helped. And I think I get the "a" (especially with verbs like andare or provare preceding it: Provo a mangiare). But still a bit confused on general usage of "da" with infinitives. More examples?

April 14, 2013
  • Facciamo da mangiare = We're making food (We're making something which has the purpose of being eaten)
  • Abbiamo da fare = We have stuff to do (We have things which have the purpose of being taken care of)
  • Cerco una gonna da comprare = I'm looking for a skirt to buy...
  • Cosa c'รจ da vedere a Parigi? = What is there to see in Paris?...

Does that help a little?

April 16, 2013
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