When to use ''Mi'' or ''Mit'' / ''Több'' or ''Többet''

Example: Mi az? = What is this Mit csinálsz = What are you doing?

Why isn't it ''Mi csinálsz''? Why isn't it ''Mit az''?

Next example: The word for more is ''több''

''Ma nem sétálok többet''

Why and when do I have to use just ''több'' / ''mi'' and when do I have to use the additional ''t'' like in ''többet'' or ''mit''?

Thank you

June 5, 2019


The -t in Hungarian is the way you show the accusative - the direct object of a verb.

The verb "to be" (am, is, are) never takes an accusative (in any language).

Csinálni (to make) does take an accusative, so the thing you make needs the -t.

June 5, 2019

The verb "to be" (am, is, are) never takes an accusative (in any language)

how do you know that?

June 6, 2019

To use the accusative after the verb "to be" doesn't make any sense. You can use a case after "to be" (e.g. instrumental in Polish in certain cases), but the accustive without a preposition is a direct object, and "to be" has no object at all.

June 7, 2019

I don't - I am working off my understanding of what an accusative is and what the verb to be is. Have you found an exception?

June 6, 2019

well no but to say "in any language" is quite a generalization

June 7, 2019

As the accusative case is used to mark the direct object of a transitive verb - and the verb "to be" is intransitive then it isn't a generalization.

June 7, 2019

@LICA - that is the definition of an accusative.

June 8, 2019

are you sure that every single language in the world uses accusative like that?

June 8, 2019

Mit csinálsz = What are you doing (what is the "verb/action" that you are doing). The "t" marks this verb/action in these examples.

Mit csinálsz? Futok. (I'm running)

Mit csinálsz? Főzök (I'm cooking)

Mit csinálsz? Egy képet festek (I'm painting a picture).

Mit eszel? (What are you eating?) The "t" marks the object that you are asking about.

I'm eating banana (Banánt eszek)

June 8, 2019

The combination of the suffix "-t" with a noun marks the accusativ, the object. So far so clear.

But the "-t" at the end of an adjective is not related to the accusative but showing a form of adverb.

There are some few adjectives, describing a quantity, which have two forms of adverbs: the regular one with the suffix "-n" and a second one with the suffix "-t".

sok => sokan / sokat

kevés => kevesen / kevéset

több => többé / többet (not an adjective itself but a irregular comparative form)

The version with "-n" is used for describing amounts of people.

Ezt csak kevesen tudják! = There are only a few they know this.

Már sokan várnak a sorban. = There are already a lot of people waiting in the line.

The form with "-t" is for describing amounts of other objects.

Sokat elfelejtettem. = I forgot a lot.

Kevéset láttam! = I didn't see much. (I am not use to say "little" this way in English)

Please, if I am wrong, correct me.

But I also had a lot of trouble with these words, until I found out that kind of explanation.

June 12, 2019

But the "-t" at the end of an adjective is not related to the accusative but showing a form of adverb.

Actually, adjectives can take a -t and form an accusative. When translating into English you will often add a "one(s)". "Milyen autókat szeretsz?" (What kind of cars do you like?) "Feketéket." (Black ones)

June 12, 2019

But this is not an adjective anymore, it is a nominalized adjective, so the adjective becomes the character of a noun.

June 13, 2019
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